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ECB sees rates at record low levels for as long as needed: minutes

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Euro zone interest rates will remain at their current level for as long as needed to raise inflation and the European Central Bank's guidance should be seen as "open-ended", ECB policymakers concluded in June according to minutes of their meeting published on Thursday.

[FRANKFURT] Euro zone interest rates will remain at their current level for as long as needed to raise inflation and the European Central Bank's guidance should be seen as "open-ended", ECB policymakers concluded in June according to minutes of their meeting published on Thursday.

The ECB guided markets for steady rates "through the summer" of 2019 at its meeting last month, at which it also announced its 2.6 trillion euro (S$4.14 trillion) bond-buying programme would likely end in December.

But ECB policymakers at the meeting felt a need to stress that rates would only move if inflation continued to rise back towards the bank's target of almost 2 per cent, the minutes showed.

"It was felt that the open-ended character of the state-contingent component (of the guidance) should be emphasized, with policy rates expected to remain at their present levels for as long as necessary to ensure... a sustained adjustment in the path of inflation," the ECB said.

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Still, even with such a caveat, policymakers argued that progress in raising inflation has been substantial and they were confident that price growth would continue to move towards the bank's target.

With inflation on the rise and growth appearing to level off, rate-setters decided on June 14 to wind down their purchase scheme at the close of the year, satisfied that protracted stimulus is boosting inflation, even if slower than expected.

But they also pushed out expectations for the banks first interest rate hike, using a relatively vague wording that could include any of the four policy meetings in the second half of the year.

Markets are currently betting on the first move in October but expectations have swung sharply between July and December in the past few weeks, suggesting heightened uncertainly.

While policymakers said they "expected" to end asset buys in December, they also said that given prevailing uncertainty, it was prudent to keep the end of bond buys conditional on incoming data.

"It was widely cautioned that there were signs that the slowdown identified in the first quarter was likely to extend into the second quarter in a number of countries and would imply downside risks regarding the near term," the ECB added.

In the long process of unwinding stimulus, the biggest complication is likely to be a murky economic outlook, muddied by a developing trade war with the United States, a populist challenge from Italy's new government and softening export demand.

Barring a crisis, the ECB is unlikely to walk back its plan to end the bond buys but rising global challenges increase the risk of even more protracted normalisation.

REUTERS