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US dollar gains on March rate hike hopes ahead of Trump speech
[TOKYO] The US dollar ticked higher on Wednesday as a handful of Federal Reserve policymakers boosted expectations for a March US interest rate increase, just hours ahead of long-awaited speech by US President Donald Trump.
The greenback rose 0.3 per cent to 113.16 yen while the euro dropped 0.1 per cent against the US dollar to US$1.0565.
The US dollar index, which measures the greenback against a basket of six major peers was last up 0.1 per cent at 101.48.
New York Fed President William Dudley, among the most influential US central bankers, said that the case for tightening monetary policy "has become a lot more compelling".
John Williams, President of the San Francisco Fed, said that a rate increase is very much on the table for serious consideration at March meeting given the economy at full employment and accelerating inflation.
Money market futures are now pricing in about a 70 per cent chance of a rate hike in March, compared to about a 30 per cent or less at the start of week.
Comments from Fed officials suggested they are worried about rising inflation, as Mr Trump has promised to deliver big stimulus even as the economy is steadily expanding.
Markets will scrutinise Mr Trump's address at 0200 GMT for specifics of how the Republican president aims to fulfil his promises to tackle tax reform, boost infrastructure spending and simplify regulations he says are harming business.
However, investors are wary that Mr Trump may disappoint those seeking greater detail on how he will reform the tax code as he focuses on domestic issues.
"There are two key factors investors will look out for in Trump's speech: fiscal stimulus and tax reform," said Koji Fukaya, President at FPG Securities in Tokyo.
"The dollar would strengthen if Trump mentions both in detail. If he touches only the tax reform, the range would stay the same. The markets would be disappointed if he does not elaborate on either of the agendas, and the dollar could weaken below 111 yen," said Mr Fukaya.
The US dollar rallied to a 14-year high soon after Mr Trump won the US election last November, buoyed by hopes he would introduce large fiscal stimulus and reflationary plans. However, the greenback sagged in January in the absence of specifics on tax reform.
US economic data released on Tuesday showed a moderate growth path under the Trump administration, as the US economy expanded at a slower pace in the fourth quarter, in line with last month's estimate.
Meanwhile, US consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of the country's economic activity, was revised sharply higher to a 3 per cent rate of growth in the fourth quarter.