The Business Times

Canada drugmakers offer to give up billions in price cuts

Published Wed, Feb 6, 2019 · 09:50 PM
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CANADIAN pharmaceutical industry lobby groups, in an effort to head off a planned crackdown on prescription drug prices, offered to give up C$8.6 billion (S$8.8 billion) in revenue over 10 years, freeze prices or reduce the cost of treating rare diseases, according to interviews and documents seen by Reuters.

Those industry offers did not impress federal officials, coming last year as Canada prepared to expand the powers of a little-known federal watchdog called the Patented Medicine Prices Review Board (PMPRB) to reduce the cost of prescription drugs.

The government proposals would change the countries Canada compares its prices to, dropping the United States where they are highest, and set a formula to assess cost-effectiveness of medicines.

Announced in 2017, the new rules were scheduled to come into effect last month but have been delayed as the government reviews feedback, which has some wondering if they will ever be implemented.

The delay is a setback for supporters of the changes. But documents detailing counter offers from lobby groups Innovative Medicines Canada and BIOTECanada show an industry struggling to win over federal officials.

Unlike other countries with universal healthcare, Canada's government-funded healthcare system does not cover prescription drugs. Most Canadians rely on an expensive patchwork of public and private insurance plans for that.

Among industrialised nations, only the US and Switzerland spend more on prescriptions per capita.

Declan Hamill, a vice president at Innovative Medicines Canada, said the proposed regulations go too far and could hurt patient access to new drugs in Canada. But his group recognises that the Canadian government wants to make drugs more affordable, he said. "We'd like to help the government out with that, and we've been trying to have discussions with them," Mr Hamill added.

Lower prices in Canada could eventually hit drugmakers in the most lucrative US market, as Washington evaluates a proposal to base drug prices paid under the government's Medicare programme on the cost of medicines in other developed nations, including Canada.

Global drugmakers, including Johnson & Johnson, Merck & Co, Amgen Inc and others, have argued against the Canadian proposal. They referred questions back to Innovative Medicines Canada.

With major drugmakers united in their condemnation of proposed regulations to rein in prices, Health Canada hired former Bank of Canada governor David Dodge and health economist Åke Blomqvist to assess the government proposal. Their review, completed in August 2018, broadly endorsed the government's plan, documents seen by Reuters showed.

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's senior ministers will eventually decide how to proceed. PMPRB executive director Douglas Clark told Reuters the new regime could be running by early 2020.

"People have a tendency to presume that the sky is falling," Mr Clark said. "I think it's a little early for people to panic and lament the demise of this policy initiative."

Health Canada said the industry's offers do not address drug price problems created by outdated rules.

"The non-regulatory counter-proposals that Innovative Medicines Canada and BIOTECanada jointly submitted to the government would not achieve the goal of ensuring appropriate consumer protection in these circumstances," the ministry said in an emailed statement.

One offer was to "secure a price reduction target of C$8.6 billion" in net present value terms, according to a letter from officials seen by Reuters.

Mr Hamill said the C$8.6 billion figure was borrowed from a government estimate of how much the PMPRB reforms would reduce revenue and would have been spread over 10 years. He did not say exactly how it would have worked. Total patented medicine sales were C$16.8 billion in 2017, according to the PMPRB.

Health Canada also rejected an offer to freeze prescription drug prices, saying it would not meet its objective of lowering prices.

Health Canada said the industry had also committed to improving access for patients with rare diseases, but that proposal would not help those who have drug plans. REUTERS

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