Oil companies defeat NYC appeal over global warming

[NEW YORK] A federal appeals court on Thursday rejected New York City's effort to hold five major oil companies liable to help pay the costs of addressing harm caused by global warming.

Ruling in favour of BP, Chevron Corp, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil Corp and Royal Dutch Shell, the 2nd US Circuit Court of Appeals in Manhattan said the regulation of greenhouse gas emissions should be addressed under federal law and international treaties.

It rejected the city's efforts to sue under state nuisance law for damages caused by the companies' "admittedly legal"production and sale of fossil fuels, and said the city's federal common law claims were displaced by the federal Clean Air Act.

"Global warming presents a uniquely international problem of national concern," Circuit Judge Richard Sullivan wrote for a three-judge panel. "It is therefore not well-suited to the application of state law." Mr Sullivan added that while the Clean Air Act did not address emissions from outside the country, foreign policy concerns and the risk of courts "stepping on the toes of the political branches" barred the city's lawsuit.

Nick Paolucci, a spokesman for New York's law department, said the city was disappointed it could not hold the oil companies "accountable for the environmental damage they knew their products would cause." Thursday's decision "explains in clear detail why the US climate tort lawsuits are meritless," Chevron General Counsel Hewitt Pate said. "Working with the new US administration, other governments, and other honest stakeholders on constructive global solutions is a better path." Other defendants did not immediately Respond to requests for comment.

The decision upheld a July 2018 dismissal by US District Judge John Keenan in Manhattan.

The city's lawsuit was an early effort among US states and municipalities to turn to the judiciary invoke state law to address climate change.

The decision "confirms the wisdom of filing state common law lawsuits in state courts that are unlikely to be controlled by federal law," said Robert Percival, a University of Maryland law professor.



BT is now on Telegram!

For daily updates on weekdays and specially selected content for the weekend. Subscribe to t.me/BizTimes