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Singapore's vision to attract tech listings met with scepticism
[SINGAPORE] With its new pact with Nasdaq, Singapore Exchange (SGX) has thrown its hat into the ring to attract listings from the world's hottest sector. But scepticism abounds over whether this strategy will succeed.
SGX on Tuesday said it will extend its partnership with the US tech-focused bourse to make documentation easier for firms seeking a second listing in the city-state. The deal heightens rivalry with Hong Kong as the north Asia hub launches a tech index for its 30 biggest stocks, analysts said.
SGX shares fell 2.3 per cent in the trading session following the release. On Thursday, the counter rose S$0.11 or 1.3 per cent to S$8.36 as at 2.37pm.
"It remains to be seen if it will be a game-changer," said Rui Wen Lim, an analyst at DBS Bank. There are several considerations, such as target investor base, costs and valuations, she said.
Singapore has long been seen to have a sound legal and regulatory framework, benefitting from stable politics. However, the exchange has suffered from a spate of delistings in recent years, a marked absence of any big-ticket tech offerings, and was recently hurt by MSCI's decision to select Hong Kong to licensing some of its derivative products.
"Besides offering liquidity with sustainable and growing valuations", SGX's platform has helped listed companies raise four times more funds through the secondary market than at initial public offerings (IPOs) over the last five years, an SGX spokesperson said in an email.
The SGX move comes as US ended Hong Kong's special status after China imposed a national security law that curbs freedoms. Growing difficulty for Chinese offerings in America means those firms could be seeking a listing elsewhere.
Here are several metrics outlined by analysts to gauge the competitiveness of Singapore's equity market for tech listings:
Tech stocks in Singapore are much cheaper than their peers in other markets, with the sector on average trading at 14 times forecast earnings, compared with 40 times in Hong Kong and 76 times in the US. However, fundamentally, valuation is "more a function of the company, not the exchange it is listed on", Ms Lim said.
While average daily turnover in the past 60 days for stocks on Singapore's benchmark Straits Times Index is about a seventh of the Hang Seng Index's, their liquidity is better by another measure. At 52.7 per cent, shares changing hands as a percentage of market value was higher for the Singapore gauge for the year ending June 30.
Still, Hong Kong is the world's fourth-largest equity market. Analysts are divided on whether Singapore's market is deep enough to host large tech offerings.
"Liquidity begets liquidity," said Paul Chew, Singapore head of research at Phillip Securities. "Listing in Singapore can provide Nasdaq companies an additional layer of liquidity from after-hours trading."
Justin Tang, head of Asian research at United First Partners, has an opposing view. "If a company listed on the Nasdaq cannot find enough liquidity, it won't find it on the SGX," he said. The daily turnover of the Nasdaq Composite Index is about 70 times that of the Straits Times Index.
So far tech listings in Singapore are overshadowed by its peers. There have been zero tech listings this year in the city-state, which is home to about 70 tech stocks in total.
In contrast, Hong Kong - the busiest IPO venue in the world last year - had nine tech listings so far this year, taking its total tech stocks to more than 250. The US, home to heavyweights such as Apple Inc and Microsoft, had 19 new listings this year and includes more than 670 such stocks.
It "really depends how SGX could convince emerging technology firms to list domestically", said Margaret Yang, a strategist at DailyFX.