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US dollar edges lower as jobs-inspired rally fizzles

New York

THE US dollar inched lower on Friday, giving up gains fuelled by a generally solid US jobs report that slightly underperformed expectations, as investors worried about political risk in the United States and ongoing trade talks with China.

The greenback hit session highs against the Japanese yen and euro following the jobs report, after trading lower for most of the session. But by afternoon trading, the dollar's rally faded.

The US dollar was down roughly one per cent against the yen this week, its worst weekly percentage loss in two months.

Data showed US non-farm payrolls increased by 136,000 jobs last month. August data was revised to show 168,000 jobs created instead of the previously reported 130,000. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast payrolls would increase by 145,000 jobs in September.

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The unemployment rate dropped to a near 50-year low of 3.5 per cent.

"Given that market expectations have shifted after the ADP (private payrolls) and ISM (manufacturing and services), people were bracing for something worse than this," said Shaun Osborne, chief market strategist, at Scotiabank in Toronto.

Data from the US payrolls processor ADP showed the US private sector jobs added 135,000 jobs last month, below the 140,000 forecast, suggesting trade tensions, which have pressured manufacturing, could be spilling over to the labour market.

On Thursday, a survey from the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) showed its non-manufacturing activity index in September falling to the lowest since August 2016.

The non-manufacturing data came on the heels of ISM's manufacturing survey on Tuesday that showed activity plunging to more than 10-year lows.

"There are other issues here for the dollar aside from the Fed easing, such as the US political backdrop. And we're still looking at the funding tightness issue," Mr Osborne said.

A drop in US unemployment in September pushed traders of US short-term interest rate futures on Friday to pare bets the Federal Reserve will cut rates at both of its two upcoming meetings.

"Things are not that great for the US economy. The job market is clearly slowing down," said John Velis, global macro strategist, at BNY Mellon in New York.

"So my central view is that we are really weakening globally and within the United States. There's nothing in the jobs report that suggests to me that that's not the right view." The jobs report's positive impact, however, was short-lived as investors grappled with US political tensions.

Diplomatic texts released late Thursday showed US officials pressured their Ukrainian counterparts to launch investigations that could benefit President Donald Trump's personal political agenda in exchange for a meeting between the two countries' leaders.

The exchanges were released by House Democrats as part of an impeachment investigation to determine whether Mr Trump pressed Ukraine to probe former vice-president Joe Biden and his son, Hunter Biden, in connection with Ukrainian gas company Burisma. REUTERS

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