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US dollar rises to near one-month high
THE US dollar recovered from earlier lows as weak economic data and concern about whether Beijing and Washington will reach a trade deal burnished its appeal as a safe haven.
Demand for safe-haven assets also helped the yen and the Swiss franc, but the US dollar's rebound was more pronounced after it faltered in late Asian trading.
A US dollar index measuring it against six other currencies rose 0.05 per cent to 98.424, just shy of a one-month high of 98.447 tested overnight. It was down as much as 0.1 per cent earlier.
The US dollar generally gains towards the end of the year as investors wind down trading, and demand has been strengthened this year by higher interest rates and stronger economic growth in the United States.
Optimism for an economic recovery and a rebound in global trade is not yet strong enough for other currencies to start outperforming the dollar, said Brad Bechtel, a managing director at Jefferies.
"This fits well with the narrative that seasonality, carry and a benign macro backdrop should keep the dollar stabilised," Mr Bechtel said.
China's factory output growth slowed more than expected in October, Japan's economy ground to a standstill in the third quarter and the German economy only narrowly avoided a recession in the third quarter.
The US dollar's strength was particularly evident against trade-oriented currencies, such as the euro and the pound, against which it gained about 0.2 per cent.
It was also evident against emerging-market currencies, where a JP Morgan index fell to a near-decade low.
The Australian dollar led losers after weak domestic jobs data raised concern that the central bank might have to loosen policy again in 2020. It was down more than half a percentage point to its lowest since mid-October at US$0.6798.
"Increasing signs of unrest in Hong Kong and Latin America coupled with the uncertainty around the trade talks is keeping the risk-off sentiment well and alive in FX markets," said Lee Hardman, a London-based currency strategist at MUFG.
US-China trade negotiations have "hit a snag" over farm purchases, The Wall Street Journal reported on Wednesday, citing people familiar with the matter.
Swiss franc gains have outpaced those by the yen, on bets that the Swiss National Bank has stepped back from its currency interventions. REUTERS