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American yogurt: the race to find the next blockbuster
WHILE Americans eat comparatively little yogurt, there is fierce competition to capture the latest trend and find a new hit seller to dethrone the superstar: Greek yogurt.
Choices seem limitless in supermarket aisles. Cotton candy and creme brulee flavours. Yogurts made with whole, ultra-filtered or coconut milk. Icelandic, French or Australian style. Low-fat, low-sugar or high-protein. In square, tubular or glass containers.
Supermarkets on average offer 300 to 350 yogurt products. Danone, Chobani and General Mills, maker of Yoplait, have the lion's share of the market, with about 70 per cent of all sales last year, according to Euromonitor International, a market research provider. Overall sales were about US$8.7 billion.
But the balance is shifting.
Americans had scarcely eaten any Greek yogurt before Chobani first hit store shelves in 2007. The Greek-style now accounts for about half of all yogurt sold nationwide. Yoplait missed the boat and watched in 2016 as Chobani took its place as the most popular brand. According to Euromonitor, last year Yoplait accounted for only 15.6 per cent of the market behind Chobani, with 20.6 per cent, while the various brands marketed by Danone, such as Activia and Oikos, together accounted for 32.5 per cent.
The competition is fierce because the broad array of choices hides what could be a discouraging fact: compared to others, Americans do not eat much yogurt. While sales are up 2.4 per cent in value over the last five years, by volume, consumption fell 7.6 per cent in that period.
Peter McGuinness, head of marketing at Chobani, is an optimist, noting that, because Americans eat less yogurt, there is room to grow. On average in 2017, Americans consumed nearly 14 pounds, far less than Canadians (22 pounds) and a pittance compared to the French (66 pounds).
Frequently, yogurt is a snack or accompanies breakfast rather than the end of a meal.
"The market is under-penetrated," he said. And he added Chobani's competitors are not innovative enough, copying other products and too easily resorting to discounts.
Greek yogurt, for example, requires extra straining and thus more milk, meaning it is naturally more costly to make.
"But you see people promoting at US$1," he noted, "It is cheapening the yogurt. That's self-inflicted pain."
As sales of Greek yogurt hit a plateau, Chobani diversified. The company has recently launched three new product lines: for children, with less sugar and, as of January, non-dairy options.
Several weeks earlier, Danone brought out its "Good Plants" line of yogurts made with almond milk. The slew of new products on the market, such as the somewhat tart Icelandic yogurts from Icelandic Provisions or creamy, indulgent offerings from Noosa, leave Mr McGuinness undaunted. "If people are bringing incremental innovation and excitement to yogurt, we support that," he said.
According to Noosa, half of consumers buying its product do so along with other brands or to test it out. General Mills, which suffered for years after missing the Greek yogurt craze, began catching up in 2018, but sales are still weak.
In a December conference call, chief executive Jeffrey Harmening hailed the "excellent performance" of "Oui by Yoplait," a yogurt introduced in 2017 that traded on authenticity, with a French-inspired recipe and a glass container, as well as Go-GURT, which is squeezed out of tubes and comes in the "Sour Patch Kids" candy flavour, which was introduced last year.
They do not all take off: "About 10 per cent to 15 per cent of products still exist 12 months after their initial launch," according to Prabha Cheemalapati, a marketing executive for Danone in North America. "Sometimes an idea is too early, or too late, to the market," she explained. "We want to bring forward our next big idea to try again." AFP