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Harvard's US$1.2b haul erased by investing loss, payout
[NEW YORK] Harvard University raised US$1.2 billion from donations, a record for the world's richest college. The haul was erased by US$2 billion in investment losses and spending.
Harvard's take was the most by any US university as colleges collected an unprecedented US$41 billion in fiscal 2016, the New York-based Council for Aid to Education, which tracks university giving, said in a survey released Tuesday. Stanford University was ranked No 2, with US$951 million, marking only the second time in 12 years that Stanford failed to outpace Harvard in fundraising.
The total was up almost 2 per cent from the previous year. The top 20 schools accounted for 27 per cent of all donations, once again concentrating the wealth among the richest schools. The same 20 institutions raised about 2 per cent less than last year.
Fundraising totals show how the richest colleges' appeals to wealthy donors can help offset weak endowment returns. US college endowments declined 1.9 per cent on average, according to an industry survey. Congress is considering a bill requiring donors to wealthy schools set aside a portion of their gift for financial aid or risk losing their tax deduction.
"When investment earnings for colleges are down, they're also down in portfolios for wealthy individuals and foundation and donor-advised funds," said Ann Kaplan, the survey's director. "When one of these sources loses wealth, generally on the whole, they all lose ground at the same time." Funds in the survey count money received, and don't include pledges. Most of the contributions, about 60 per cent, funded current operations. Gifts to build the endowment are about a quarter of the reported gifts, according to Kaplan. Most schools end their fiscal year in June.
Harvard, with a US$35.7 billion endowment, beat its previous record of US$1.16 billion two years ago, the only year Stanford didn't come out on top since 2004. This is the third consecutive year Harvard raised more than $1 billion, according to survey data.
"It is hard to overstate the importance of philanthropy to the university," according to a Harvard statement. Distributions from the endowment contributed to 36 per cent of university operating revenues and gifts for current use represented 9 per cent.
Stanford has the fourth-largest endowment at US$22.4 billion. Donations helped offset Stanford's modest investment loss, in addition to "a strong increase in value" of campus real estate held by the school. About 15 per cent of the endowment is made up of real estate holdings off campus leased to companies, hotels and other firms, according to the school. Stanford's fiscal year ends in August, and its fund captured two strong months of performance.
The University of Southern California came in third, with US$667 million in donations, followed by Johns Hopkins University, with US$657 million; the University of California-San Francisco with US$596 million; and Cornell University at US$588 million. Donations from individuals declined from the previous year. Those from alumni dropped 8.5 per cent and by 6 per cent from non-alumni, while giving from corporations grew by almost 15 per cent. Support from foundations and other organizations was also up, according to the survey. Gifts for financial aid have been steady at about 16 per cent for about a decade.
About 950 schools responded to the survey, and the group used data to estimate a total for institutions that didn't respond.