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The world is drinking less coffee

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A hobbled recovery for coffee demand could be devastating for the roughly 125 million globally that depend on the crop for their livelihood.

New York

IN A work-from-home world, hitting the local cafe for a daily caffeine fix has become a ritual of the now-forgotten past. And no matter how much kitchen brewing consumers take up, that just can't seem to make up for the demand blow.

Global coffee consumption is set to fall this year for the first time since 2011, the US Department of Agriculture predicts. That's even with a huge surge in bean buying at the grocery store amid pantry loading. Shutdowns for cafes and restaurants - which typically account for about 25 per cent of demand - were overwhelming, and it could be a while before things pick up again.

The disappearance of cafe culture is happening in every major region. Researcher Marex Spectron estimates globally more than 95 per cent of the out-of-home market was shuttered at some point during the pandemic. It's the latest cruel twist of the coronavirus, which has ripped so much away from people that not even the simple pleasure of lingering over a latte is safe.

For Notes, a coffee-shop chain in London, restrictions are easing in the city, but most of its 10 cafes that cater to office workers remain closed.

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"It will be a slow and staggered comeback for us as a lot of the offices in London are not coming back on until after summer, and some may even open only next year," said co-founder Robert Robinson.

Consumers have shown they're hesitant to dine out in droves again as economies reopen. Coffee shops, which often depend on morning commuters and afternoon breakers, have been especially hard hit. Dunkin' Brands Group Inc has lost much of its breakfast crowd during the coronavirus pandemic, while Starbucks Corp is retooling its model, rolling out a "pickup" store format that doesn't have any of the tables and chairs that traditionally made its cafes a popular hang-out spot.

A hobbled recovery for coffee demand could be devastating for the roughly 125 million globally that depend on the crop for their livelihood. Growers were already struggling through financial crisis after years of bumper harvests sparked a prolonged bear market. Citigroup Inc predicts that futures for arabica beans could drop roughly 10 per cent in the second half of the year to about 90 US cents (S$1.25) a pound, hovering near break-even costs.

Brazil's Suplicy Cafes Especiais, one of the country's largest cafe chains, was forced to postpone payments to farmers for cargoes that had already been delivered. Meanwhile, orders for new supplies will resume only gradually, chief executive officer Felipe Braga said in a telephone interview. Suplicy operates 25 stores, the vast majority of which have been closed by Covid-19 restrictions since mid-March.

Still, some shop operators are taking steps to change their business model, which could help spark some rebound.

Max Crowley's two Bandit coffee shops in New York's Midtown and Chelsea neighbourhoods remain "on pause", hobbled by the closure of local offices. Meanwhile, he's just opened up a new Hamptons location in the Town of Southampton, an enclave where many New York City dwellers fled to at the peak of the pandemic and where well-to-do residents spend summers. "Manhattan traffic is still very light. The Hamptons is very busy. It makes sense for us. It's where many of our customers go," Mr Crowley said. There's also some optimism the worst is over.

In Asia, the fastest-growing market for coffee, consumption at restaurants and cafes is expected to recover in the second half of the year as many countries emerge from lockdowns, according to Tan Heng Hong, APAC food and drink analyst at market research company Mintel. And the USDA also predicts a rebound in global demand next year.

Still, a global second wave of infections could halt reopening plans. McDonald's Corp has said its pausing the resumption of all dine-in services in its US restaurants as the virus flares up in areas across the country. And, even if stores open, fears of contagion could continue to keep customers away. Starbucks is operating about 95 per cent of the company's US stores, but comparable sales were down 43 per cent in May. BLOOMBERG

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