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European steel getting the deals it craved for years
[LONDON] After a decade of waiting, Europe is seeing its second major steel deal in months, which should be good news for a fractured industry suffering from too much supply.
Tata Steel Ltd and Thyssenkrupp AG's tentative agreement to merge their European steel businesses will create a clear No 2 producer in the region, behind ArcelorMittal, which in June agreed a deal to take over the continent's largest steel plant in Italy. The accords, which will see just two firms control about half of Europe's steel industry, raise hopes of greater pricing discipline and more consolidation.
Such deals may help resolve the industry's most enduring problem: there are too many mills making too much material. The oversupply - European firms are still churning out steel as China floods the world market with huge exports - stops plants from running at full capacity, raises costs and hurts profits. With more consolidation, larger companies can help cut excess supply and support prices that have started to recover since early last year.
"We have always clearly stated that we believe in consolidation as the best solution for steel," Thyssenkrupp Chief Financial Officer Guido Kerkhoff told Bloomberg TV Wednesday. "We have always been very responsible owners and we have always said that we want to address the underlying industrial issues." The combined company, to be called Thyssenkrupp Tata Steel, will have shipments of about 21 million metric tons of steel a year. After agreeing to take over the Ilva works in Italy, ArcelorMittal will have the capacity to produce about 60 million tons a year. Combined, the firms will account for roughly 50 per cent of Europe's steel output.
Ilva has long been a headache for the industry because it's renowned for producing cheap steel that competes with both ArcelorMittal and Thyssenkrupp in their profitable northern European markets. Tata Steel has also been aggressive on pricing during downturns, spurring expectations that consolidation will now lead to more closely aligned prices in the region.
There should also be corporate benefits. Thyssenkrupp and Tata will see annual synergies of 400 million euros (S$645.6 million) to 600 million euros, with as many as 4,000 jobs at risk. The deal, expected to be finalized early next year, will likely result in the closing of some of higher-cost mills, according to Bloomberg Intelligence analyst Eily Ong. ArcelorMittal sees savings of 310 million euros over three years regarding Ilva.