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Frackers in Texas turn to toilet water

Producers trying to cut costs and mitigate long-term risks of water scarcity in arid Permian Basin of drought-prone state

Water acquisition and transport can account for up to 10 per cent of the cost of drilling and fracking a well, a consultant says.


TOP shale oil producer Pioneer Natural Resources Co has found an unusual way to both save water and cut costs for its wells: tapping the treated runoff from toilets, sinks and showers in West Texas.

Pioneer has signed an 11-year, US$117 million deal with the city of Odessa...

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