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Oil prices ease as speculators grow impatient
[LONDON] Oil eased on Tuesday, as speculators took profits on some large positions that have built up in the last couple of weeks, but the prospect of gradually ebbing oversupply lent support.
December Brent crude futures were down 27 cents at US$55.85 a barrel at 1315 GMT, having lost almost 2.5 per cent on Monday. US crude futures fell 24 cents to US$50.34.
Brent notched up a third-quarter gain of about 20 per cent, the biggest increase for that quarter since 2004, and traded as high as US$59.49 last week, but has since fallen about 6 per cent.
Money managers have pushed their bullish bets on the Brent crude market to a record high in the last week, encouraged by signs of rebalancing between supply and demand.
But when positioning becomes too stretched, this can lead to abrupt shifts in the price.
"It's always problematic when you have this amount of speculative length in the market," Petromatrix strategist Olivier Jakob said.
"The price action... for me is all about positions and potentially profit-taking on some of those speculative positions."
Oil prices climbed last week on tension in Iraqi Kurdistan after the region's independence vote, with Turkey threatening to close a pipeline that brings oil from the region in northern Iraq to the Mediterranean.
Turkey has not carried out the threat, analysts said.
The recent rally had also been driven by signs that a three-year crude glut is easing, helped by a production-cutting deal among global producers led by Opec.
However, Middle Eastern oil producers are concerned the price rise will stir US shale producers into more drilling and push prices lower again. Key Opec producers consider a price above US$60 as encouraging too much shale output.
"The US keeps on increasing production, and given current NYMEX WTI prices, this trend is likely to continue moving forward," analysts at ING said in a note.
"While demand has been strong over recent months, the higher price environment we are currently seeing is likely to have an impact on demand growth as we move into 2018."
Offering a small boost was the expected drop in supply next month of the four largest North Sea crude grades that underpin the dated Brent benchmark.
Output of Brent, Forties, Oseberg and Ekofisk will average 800,000 barrels per day (bpd) next month, down from 870,000 bpd in October, and down 10 per cent year-on-year.