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Australia's central bank sees more "positives" in domestic, world economy

Reserve Bank of Australia.jpg
Australia's central bank aims to keep interest rates at record lows for a while yet, governor Philip Lowe said on Friday, with any tightening "quite some time away" and likely to be gradual as households try to whittle down a mountain of debt.

[SYDNEY] Australia's central bank has turned more upbeat on the economic outlook, citing an improving labour market, stronger public investment and a pick up in household consumption.

The mood was clearly brighter, with the word "positive"appearing repeatedly in the five-page minutes of the Reserve Bank of Australia's (RBA) July meeting and catapulting the local dollar to a more than two-year high of US$0.7905.

While traders bid the Aussie higher, economists said the RBA would be in no hurry to raise rates anytime soon as it remained watchful on risks to jobs and housing. "We would need to see an upgrade to inflation and wages forecasts to change our view of policy on hold until well into next year," said Kristina Clifton, economist at Commonwealth Bank.

Besides, analysts suspect the recent sharp rise in the local dollar would itself add to the case against a hike. The RBA has long warned that a rising currency would hurt the economy's transition away from a decade-long mining investment boom.

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Since the RBA's July meeting, the Aussie has rocketed nearly 4 per cent to a level that will be highly unwelcome to policy makers in the face of weak inflation at home.

Domestic financial conditions had been further tightened by a recent increase in mortgage rates at Australia's major banks, which followed a clamp-down by regulators on risky lending.

The RBA's policy board also discussed estimates of the neutral level of interest rates - that which neither stimulates the economy nor retards it. This was put at around 3.5 per cent, which was down from 5 per cent in 2007 but still implied the current rate of 1.5 per cent was "expansionary."

"The discussion around neutral rates caught the market off guard," said Michael Turner, strategist at RBC Capital Markets."They are not necessarily laying the groundwork for a hike but this would be the first step if they were moving in that direction."

Futures market now implied a 24 per cent chance of a rate rise by December, up from just 8 per cent previously. It is fully pricing in an increase of 25 basis points by mid-2018.


The RBA welcomed the broad-based recovery in the world economy which had led some other central banks to upgrade their outlooks for growth and interest rates.

At home, the RBA noted a run of stronger employment outcomes augured well for wages, where growth has been stuck at a record low 1.9 per cent.

Household consumption growth was showing signs of a pick up with retail sales rebounding for two months. Indeed, data out on Tuesday showed new vehicle sales climbed for a fourth straight month in June to hit record highs.

A new development was an upturn in fiscal spending which was now expected to be stronger in 2017/18 than previously expected, mainly thanks to public infrastructure.

Still, there were a few notes of caution in the minutes. "...The outlook for growth and inflation meant that developments in the labour and housing markets continued to warrant careful monitoring," the RBA said. "The Board judged that holding the accommodative stance of monetary policy unchanged at this meeting would be consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and achieving the inflation target over time."