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Cuba vote opens final chapter of Castro era
[HAVANA] Cubans voted on Sunday to ratify a new National Assembly, a key step in a process leading to the elevation of a new president, the first in nearly 60 years from outside the Castro family.
The new members of the National Assembly will be tasked with choosing a successor to 86-year-old President Raul Castro when he steps down next month.
Castro voted in the southeastern province of Santiago de Cuba while his first vice-president and likely successor, Miguel Diaz-Canel, cast his ballot in the central Santa Clara province.
"The triumphal march of the revolution will continue," Mr Diaz-Canel said after voting, promising "peace, liberty, independence and the sovereignty of the people will endure."
Raul Castro took over in 2006 from his ailing brother Fidel, who had governed since seizing power during the 1959 revolution.
Eight million Cubans are expected to turn out to ratify 605 candidates for an equal number of seats in the Assembly, a process shorn of suspense and unique to the Communist-run Caribbean island nation.
"They're the most important elections of recent years, because we are going to vote for new people who will govern from then on," day-care centre guardian Ramon Perez told AFP.
Sunday's general election is the first since the death in 2016 of Fidel Castro, and marks the beginning of major change at the top in Cuba.
The change "will be a challenge but it's the natural law of life. We get old and have to retire," said retired lieutenant colonel Rigoberto Celorio, 82.
"This is the right moment," he added. "Raul will stay on as first secretary of the Communist Party, so whoever comes out of the process will be well oriented." Candidates may be either members of the Cuban Communist Party or not, and may also belong to trade unions or be students.
"The designation of candidates is based on merit, abilities and the commitment of the people," Raul Castro said when he announced the elections last year.
"Nobody exchanges promises for votes, or boasts of his abilities to get supporters... This is the true and exceptional face of what we proudly call socialist democracy," the official daily Granma wrote.
More than half of the candidates, 322, are women.
The new National Assembly selects a 31-member Council of State, whose head is automatically president of the country.
Mr Castro had already announced that he would not be seeking a new term, although he is expected to remain head of the all-powerful Communist Party until 2021.
Diaz-Canel, 57, is widely expected to succeed him and is committed to guaranteeing continuity.
Born after the revolution, Diaz-Canel, an engineer, slowly climbed to the top rungs of Cuba's hierarchy over a three-decade career under Raul's mentorship.
Julio Cesar Guanche, a professor of law and history, said on the OnCuba website that the legitimacy of the country's next president would come more from "institutional performance" than personal history such as involvement in the 1959 revolution.
Turnout for the election is expected to be around 90 per cent.
Although voting is voluntary, not voting is frowned upon and going to the polls is considered an act of sovereignty and of "revolutionary affirmation." The final results will be known on Monday.
Opposition criticism of the process centres around the fact that the president is not chosen in direct elections.
Cuban dissident Rosa Maria Paya, of the Cuba Decide movement, wants a referendum on modifying the island's government system and says her group will be watching for signs "of rejection of the electoral process, in which in reality we cannot elect" anyone.
Cubans who want to demonstrate opposition typically spoil their ballots.
The Otro18 opposition movement is also calling for change.
"The citizens do not participate in the choice or the election of the president and we think it's a decisive moment for the citizens to push a request" to change the electoral system, said Manuel Costa Morua, Otro18's leader.