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Hong Kong's leaders must act on grievances: PM
THE "one country, two systems" principle that governs Hong Kong may not last unless the government makes progress on protester concerns over the lack of affordable housing in the Asian financial hub, said Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.
In an interview with Bloomberg's editor-in-chief John Micklethwait on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Mr Lee said he sympathises with Hong Kong protesters, but does not see how their methods - which have included violent rallies, petrol bombs and vandalism - will resolve their problems.
Hong Kong youth are frustrated by the world's most expensive housing market and the fact that Hong Kong has dwindled in importance to China as mainland cities have become richer, he said.
"I can understand the issues which lead people in Hong Kong to feel anxiety and frustration and disappointment at what the future holds for them," Mr Lee said, noting the median price of a dwelling in Hong Kong now costs 21 times the annual salary.
"But I can't see how this path is going to lead to improvements in all of these difficult problems."
Mr Lee, who noted at a conference last year that Hong Kong protesters made unrealistic demands and tried to "humiliate and bring down the government", said Hong Kong authorities nevertheless need to act on economic grievances that underpin the protests.
Although many demonstrators say they are fighting for greater democracy rather than for cheaper housing, some - including Hong Kong's Chief Executive Carrie Lam - have pointed to a lack of affordable housing and inequality as key factors in the city's unrest.
Mr Lee said the lack of a house or even a space to call one's own was a "basic hygiene issue, it's not a higher-order one".
He said China's 50-year promise to guarantee Hong Kong separate freedoms under the "one country, two systems" principle after its return to Chinese rule in 1997 was at risk if the local government did not act.
"Ideally, at some point, as the temperature comes down and people cool down, it is possible for the Hong Kong government to make progress on some of the basic issues" that bug the protesters, he said.
"It's very hard. I mean, they have tried to, but they haven't succeeded," he added.
"But if they don't make some progress, it's hard to see how 'one country, two systems' can work for another" 27 years. BLOOMBERG