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Lagarde says world growth outlook dimming as trade war escalates
[WASHINGTON] The International Monetary Fund is poised to cut its forecast for global growth as managing director Christine Lagarde warns trade wars and tighter credit are darkening the outlook.
Three months since predicting the world economy would grow 3.9 per cent this year and next, Ms Lagarde signalled in Washington that she is no longer quite so optimistic. The fund will update its World Economic Outlook on Oct 9 ahead of opening its annual meeting in Bali, Indonesia.
"Six months ago, I pointed to clouds of risk on the horizon," Ms Lagarde said, according to her prepared remarks. "Today, some of those risks have begun to materialise."
While Ms Lagarde acknowledged the global expansion is still the fastest in seven years, recent data suggest a cooling.
Ms Lagarde said protectionist rhetoric was turning into "actual trade barriers," spreading uncertainty among businesses and consumers. A strengthening US dollar and tightening financial conditions have increased challenges for many emerging markets, she said.
Ms Lagarde called on countries to resolve their trade disputes, warning that the fracture of corporate supply chains could have "devastating" effects. "History shows that, while it is tempting to sail alone, countries must resist the siren call of self-sufficiency - because as the Greek legends tell us, that leads to shipwreck," she said, without naming countries that are putting up new barriers.
Ms Lagarde has repeatedly warned that an all-out trade war could curb growth at a time when the world is enjoying the broadest upswing in years. But the US and China aren't backing down, leaving no end in sight to what could be a long and bruising dispute.
President Donald Trump slapped tariffs last month on US$200 billion in Chinese goods, bringing the total to US$250 billion. Beijing retaliated by imposing duties on US$60 billion in US products, raising its total to US$110 billion. China also rejected a US offer to hold another round of formal negotiations.
The US at the same time is moving forward with new trading agreements. A deal to revise the US's trilateral trade pact with Canada and Mexico was announced on Sunday after Mr Trump last week signed a revised trade agreement with South Korea.
Finance ministers from the Fund's 189 members nations will convene next week in Indonesia hoping to find common ground on trade - a challenging task since Mr Trump took office, promising to rip up trade deals he views as unfair and promote an "America First" approach to foreign policy.
Ms Lagarde warned nations to guard against "fiscal and financial turbulence." She said global public and private debt has reached a record US$182 trillion, up almost 60 per cent from 2007. Emerging markets and developing countries are being pinched as central banks raise interest rates in advanced economies, she said.
"That process could become even more challenging if it were to accelerate suddenly," she said. "It could lead to market corrections, sharp exchange rate movements, and further weakening of capital flows."
Ms Lagarde called on governments to rebuild trust in institutions and policymakers, which has eroded as growth failed to lift the standards of living of ordinary people. Since 1980, the top one per cent of income earners have captured twice as much of the gains from growth as the bottom 50 per cent, she said.
"In too many cases, workers and families are now convinced that the system is somehow rigged, that the odds are stacked against them," she said.