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Thailand extends state of emergency to Oct 31

Bangkok

THAILAND will extend a state of emergency by a month until Oct 31 as the tourism-dependent nation gears up for the re-opening of borders to foreign visitors after a six-month gap, while maintaining its relative success in containing local transmission of the coronavirus.

The national Covid-19 task force chaired by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on Monday approved the extension of emergency rules through the end of October, according to Deputy Prime Minister Wissanu Krea-Ngam.

The panel also approved special tourist visas for foreign tourists starting next month, Tourism and Sports Minister Phiphat Ratchakitprakarn said in Bangkok. The one-month extension, when approved by the cabinet on Tuesday, would be the sixth since the initial order in March.

The emergency rules allow the government to enforce mandatory quarantines and streamline disease-control plans without multiple approvals from various agencies. The measures were set to end on Sept 30.

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Thailand has managed to control the coronavirus outbreak quickly, and was able to gradually restart most parts of its economy since May.

It has so far reported just over 3,500 cases and 59 deaths, and the majority of its recent cases were found in state quarantine.

But South-east Asia's second-largest economy, which is also reliant to manufacturing, is on track for its worst contraction on record as the pandemic disrupted international trade and travel.

The first batch of foreign tourists - 150 Chinese nationals - will arrive on a charter flight from Guangzhou to Phuket on Oct 8, said Mr Phiphat. They will be followed by another Chinese group on Oct 25 and the first European visitors in early November, he said.

"Many people want to come to Thailand because we can control the outbreak well," Mr Prayut said. "We have to reopen so the economy can go forward. If we don't do anything, it will be bad all around."

The limited number of visas to foreign visitors is aimed at testing the nation's readiness for a wider tourism re-opening in the coming months as part of efforts to boost the ailing sector. The government wants some foreign visitors to return because they made up two-thirds of the country's tourism receipts before the pandemic, and many businesses are struggling to survive a long period without foreign visitors.

Thailand is seeking a balance between minimising risks of infections and re-opening for foreign visitors. Foreigners who wish to visit the country will need to seek a special visa, get tested for Covid-19 before departure, and agree to more tests and a quarantine upon arrival.

Mr Prayut said authorities were fully prepared to carry out contact tracing in the event of a fresh outbreak and the nation's healthcare system was prepared to handle new cases.

Thailand has reported only two local infections since the end of May, official data showed.

While the government has said that there is some interest from groups willing to stay in the country long-term, critics say the programme might be too costly for many visitors, who need to pay for health insurance that can cover at least US$100,000 in Thailand, a hotel quarantine, and travel on chartered or private flights.

Tourism is an important part of the Thai economy, contributing to about one-fifth of its gross domestic product. The pandemic has devastated the industry, which provided more than US$60 billion in revenue. BLOOMBERG

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