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Trump walks away from summit with Kim empty-handed

Pyongyang wants penalties lifted in their entirety, says US president; news of summit failure knocks regional markets

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Mr Trump leaving at the end of a press conference in Hanoi on Thursday. Failure to reach an agreement with Mr Kim marks a setback for the American president, a self-styled dealmaker who is under pressure at home.

Hanoi

US President Donald Trump said on Thursday he had walked away from a nuclear deal at his summit with Kim Jong Un because of unacceptable demands from the North Korean leader to lift punishing US-led sanctions.

Mr Trump said two days of talks in the Vietnamese capital Hanoi had made good progress in building relations and on the key issue of denuclearisation, but it was important not to rush into a bad deal.

"It was all about the sanctions," Mr Trump said at a news conference after the talks were cut short. "Basically, they wanted the sanctions lifted in their entirety, and we couldn't do that."

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The United Nations and the United States ratcheted up sanctions on North Korea when the reclusive state undertook a series of nuclear and ballistic missile tests in 2017, cutting off its main sources of hard cash.

Both Mr Trump and Mr Kim left the venue of their talks, the French-colonial-era Metropole hotel, without attending a planned lunch together.

"Sometimes you have to walk, and this was just one of those times," Mr Trump said, adding "it was a friendly walk".

He later left Vietnam to return to Washington.

Failure to reach an agreement marks a setback for Mr Trump, a self-styled dealmaker under pressure at home over his ties to Russia and testimony from Michael Cohen, his former personal lawyer who accused him of breaking the law while in office.

The collapse of the talks will likely raise questions about the Mr Trump administration's preparations and about what some critics see as his cavalier style of personal diplomacy.

Since their first summit in Singapore in June, Mr Trump has stressed his good chemistry with Mr Kim, but there have been questions about whether the bonhomie could move them beyond summit pageantry to substantive progress on eliminating a North Korean nuclear arsenal that threatens the US.

"No deal is a surprise, especially as they were both all smiley last evening," said Lim Soo-ho, senior research fellow at the Institute for National Security Strategy.

"But no-deal today doesn't mean there won't be one in coming months. It means stakes were way too high for the two leaders to give another wishy-washy statement like they did in Singapore."

The Singapore summit, the first between a sitting US president and a North Korean leader, produced a vague statement in which Mr Kim pledged to work toward denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula.

But little progress followed.

News of the summit failure sent South Korea's currency lower and knocked regional stock markets. South Korea's Kospi index closed 1.8 per cent lower, marking the biggest one-day percentage loss since Oct 2018.

North Korea's old rival South Korea, which backs efforts to end confrontation on the peninsula, said it regretted that no deal had been reached but the two sides had made progress.

While Mr Trump had said he was in no rush to strike a deal with North Korea, the White House had been confident enough to schedule a "joint agreement signing ceremony" at the conclusion of talks. Like the lunch, the ceremony did not take the place.

There was no indication of when the two leaders might meet again but the White House said the "respective teams look forward to meeting in the future".

Kicking off their second day in Hanoi, Mr Trump said he would be happy as long as North Korea conducted no more nuclear or intercontinental ballistic missile tests.

North Korea has conducted no nuclear or intercontinental ballistic missile tests since late 2017, and Mr Trump said Mr Kim had promised him there would be no more.

Mr Trump said he and Mr Kim had discussed dismantling North Korea's main nuclear facility at Yongbyon, which Mr Kim was willing to do, but Mr Kim had wanted sanctions relief first.

There were other facilities that Mr Trump said he had raised, and the North Koreans had been surprised the Americans knew about them, but they had not been able to agree on them.

"We asked him to do more and he was unprepared to do that, but I'm still optimistic," US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo told the news conference, referring to Mr Kim.

Mr Trump said the United States would be able to inspect some North Korean facilities but he did not go into specifics.

While Mr Trump indicated a more flexible stance in the run-up to the Hanoi summit, critics had warned that he risked squandering vital leverage over North Korea if he gave away too much, too quickly.

US intelligence officials have said there is no sign North Korea would ever give up its entire arsenal of nuclear weapons, which Mr Kim's ruling family sees as vital to its survival.

While the US has long demanded that North Korea give up all of its nuclear and missile programmes, the North wants to see the removal of a US nuclear umbrella for its Asian allies such as South Korea and Japan.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said on Thursday he fully backed Mr Trump's decision to end the summit without an agreement.

"I fully support President Trump's decision not to make the easy choice," Mr Abe said following a telephone call with the US president.

South Korean leader Moon Jae-in said Mr Trump "expressed regret" at not striking a deal with Mr Kim in a phone call with Mr Moon.

The South's presidential office said on Thursday "while President Trump expressed regret that he didn't reach an agreement at the Hanoi summit, he made clear his resolve to solve the issue with North Korea through dialogue".

Mr Moon suggested he and Mr Trump meet in person soon to continue discussions on the subject, and the US leader agreed, the statement added.

China hopes Pyongyang and Washington will continue to maintain and conduct dialogue, a foreign ministry spokesperson said on Thursday. REUTERS, AFP