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US-Mexico Nafta talks seen running into next week, autos unresolved
[WASHINGTON] US-Mexico talks to craft an agreement on new auto industry rules under the Nafta trade pact are poised to continue into next week, Mexico's economy minister said on Thursday, as friction persists over the threat of more restrictive US import rules.
Since restarting last month, talks have focused on settling differences between the two sides over US President Donald Trump's complaint that the North American Free Trade Agreement has undercut US manufacturing to Mexico's benefit.
Mr Trump has threatened to withdraw from the 24-year-old trade pact between the United States, Mexico and Canada if it is not reworked to the advantage of US workers.
He hopes to reduce the US trade deficit with lower-cost Mexico and claw back jobs, particularly in the auto industry.
"We're on a path that can take us into the weekend and next week," Mexican economy minister Ildefonso Guajardo told reporters as he entered the offices of US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer in Washington for talks on Thursday afternoon.
Mexico and the United States have said they are close to resolving remaining bilateral issues in the revamp of the trade pact. However, a day earlier Guajardo had said the two sides might be able to reach agreement in "hours".
The tone has become more cautious since then.
"We are well advanced (but) not there yet," said Mr Guajardo.
The talks could drag on due to unresolved sticking points, such as rules of origin for autos, meant to bring more production to the region, a US sunset proposal that could kill Nafta after five years and dispute resolution mechanisms.
Canada has been waiting for the Mexican and US teams to reach common ground before rejoining the negotiations.
The Trump administration wants to be able to impose national security tariffs on future Mexican output from new auto assembly and parts plants, auto industry officials say.
That demand has been causing friction at the latest US-Mexico talks, according to an industry source familiar with the process, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Matt Blunt, president of the American Automotive Policy Council, also said there had been discussion of imported products that do not comply with new Nafta requirements.
"We've not really been making any recommendations to the US government on that topic," he told reporters on a conference call.
Mr Blunt said that stronger automotive content rules emerging from Nafta negotiations are expected to keep North America competitive as a production base, and that he was "very encouraged" by the direction of US-Mexico talks.
The threat of 25 per cent tariffs could discourage new automotive investment in Mexico to serve the US market.
A Mexican source said that Mexico would not accept tougher import rules under a new Nafta than currently prevail in the United States under World Trade Organization tariff commitments, which foresee a 2.5 per cent duty for light vehicles.
US and Mexican officials say they will push for a deal that could open the door for Canada to return.
"We need to get an engagement with Canada and the only way that can happen is if we continue through the weekend and into next week," said Mr Guajardo.
Canada's government reiterated on Thursday that it would need to be satisfied with any new rules of origin.
"Updating the 'rules of origin' has always been a very big, important and complicated effort," Canadian foreign minister Chrystia Freeland told reporters in British Columbia. "Canada clearly has an interest in how those rules are updated and we clearly will need to look at and agree to any final conclusion."
Mexico's steel industry association Canacero said it was called to Washington to discuss implementing steel quotas with the United States to replace the 25 per cent tariffs Mr Trump imposed on imports of the metal.