MINISTER for Trade and Industry Chan Chun Sing said the tightening in foreign worker rules announced in the Budget on Monday was a "surgical" move targeted at specific industries to make the labour market more sustainable.
The aim is "to make sure that the Singapore foreign manpower dependency is on a sustainable trajectory", he said in an interview with Bloomberg. "We are not going to have an unlimited number of foreign workers in Singapore, but what we have and what we want is a higher quality of foreign workers," Mr Chan said.
Finance Minister Heng Swee Keat said in his Budget speech that quotas for foreign workers in service industries, such as food and retail, will be lowered from next year to help boost productivity and curb labour growth.
Mr Chan said Singapore would remain open to talent, particularly in industries such as artificial intelligence and financial technology, and is "playing for the long game" with this Budget.
He said the government wanted to guide firms towards being more "manpower-lean" while reassuring them that this would reap longer-run benefits. "I don't think we run our foreign-worker policy on a feast-and-famine strategy," he said. "We want to have a smooth trajectory to allow our firms the ability to plan long-term." He said the government will announce measures to help small businesses adjust to these new policies during post-Budget parliamentary sessions.
Outside of moulding the domestic workforce, Mr Chan said Singapore is positioning itself to remain neutral and open to both the US and China amid mounting tensions between the world's two largest economies.
"Our role is to keep asking ourselves how we can value-add to China and the US at the same time," he said. "We play in a space where we want to remain neutral, remain open so that this is a place where US, China, Europe can come, be engaged and conduct productive economic activities - and I think that's how we position ourselves."
That's part of a bigger pitch that the Republic has been making to attract others that might follow Dyson, whose billionaire owner announced last month the company would shift its headquarters to Singapore from the UK.
Mr Chan also flagged longer-term business and political certainty, "superior connectivity", and strong intellectual property laws as selling points for those foreign firms to relocate to Singapore.
He also gave some comments on global trade during the interview. "Trade frictions - those are perhaps just at the surface. There are wider issues that have to do with technology competition and, even wider than that, perhaps geostrategic competition," he said of the US and China. "Results of the talks will very much depend on the domestic politics of both the US and China.
"I don't think we want to be in the position whereby we are only dealing with one and not the other and I believe this is the same position for the rest of the Asian countries as well - everybody wants to be plugged in.
"This reminds me of the situation almost 100 years ago, just before the Great Depression at that point in time. It was the same fork in the road that we had to confront: Do we go for an open, rules-based system or do we go for more unilateral isolationist policies?" BLOOMBERG