[WASHINGTON] US consumer spending rose marginally in February and overall inflation retreated, suggesting the Federal Reserve will continue to gradually raise interest rates this year despite a tightening labor market.
The Commerce Department said on Monday that consumer spending edged up 0.1 per cent after a downwardly revised 0.1 per cent gain in January. Consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of US economic activity, was previously reported to have increased 0.5 per cent in January.
Last month's increase was in line with economists'expectations. When adjusted for inflation, consumer spending rose 0.2 per cent after being unchanged in January.
Last month, inflation moderated, with a price index for consumer spending dipping 0.1 per cent after nudging up 0.1 per cent in January. In the 12 months through February, the personal consumption expenditures (PCE) price index increased 1.0 per cent after rising 1.2 per cent in January.
Excluding food and energy, prices gained 0.1 per cent after advancing 0.3 per cent in January. In the 12 months through February, the so-called core PCE price index increased 1.7 per cent after a similar increase in January.
The core PCE is the Fed's preferred inflation measure and is running below the US central bank's 2 per cent target. The slowdown in the monthly core PCE reading comes after Fed Chair Janet Yellen recently expressed skepticism over the sustainability of the gains in core inflation measures.
Yellen told reporters this month that "there may be some transitory factors" behind the run-up in prices.
The relatively soft inflation suggests the Fed will continue to gradually raise interest rates this year despite a tightening labor market. The central bank hiked its benchmark overnight interest rate in December for the first time in nearly a decade.
Consumer spending last month was held back by a 0.7 per cent drop in purchases of goods. Spending on services rose 0.4 per cent.
Personal income rose 0.2 per cent after rising 0.5 per cent in January. The slowdown in income growth is likely temporary amid anecdotal evidence that the tightening jobs market, marked by pockets of skills shortages, is driving up wages.