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The famous portrait of Sir Stamford Raffles, with Java as the backdrop.

A Buddhist sculpture of Mamaki collected by Raffles in Java.

Perfectlyaligned court letter to Raffles from Sultan Mahmud Shah of Lingga.

A gamelan instrument from the era.

A Javanese mask collected by the statesman.

A trade textile from the mid-1700s.

Challenging The Raffles Myth

Hero or villain? A new exhibition at Asian Civilisations Museum poses questions on the character and achievements of Sir Stamford Raffles
Feb 8, 2019 5:50 AM

IN THE PAST DECADE, the general perception of Singapore as a sleepy fishing village before the arrival of Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles in 1819 has been changing. Scholarly research coupled with archeological digs show that Singapore was in all likelihood a thriving entrepot long before