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Rioja Gran Reserva, a wine beginning to be shaped by time
IT'S been widely accepted in the wine world for years that people can no longer be expected to age wines as they might have half a century ago.
For one thing, the wine-drinking public has changed enormously. Where once the market for wines that aged along glorious arcs was small, wealthy and dynastic, interest in wine today has become far more democratic.
Wine lovers no longer necessarily have cellars or the means or space to construct one. Those who would enjoy drinking age-worthy wines are much more likely to live in fourth-floor walk-up apartments in Brooklyn or Tokyo than they are to occupy stately manors.
The world is awash in fascinating wines that require little or no aging at all. While many of these wines have ancient origins, their appearance in the global economy is relatively recent. And they are generally much less expensive than bottles for aging.
Confronted with these new realities, many producers of age-worthy wines changed their thinking.
One category tries to make life easier for all lovers of aged wine. That would be our subject over the past month, Rioja Gran Reserva, in which the rules of the appellation require that wines be aged at least five years by the producers before they can hit the market. Many are even older than that by the time they are sold.
This system of equating quality with age is out of step with current thinking that the potential of a wine is more a function of the distinctiveness of its terroir.
Within Rioja, a debate over this point drags on. More than a few producers no longer employ the official terms indicating a wine's aging before release, like crianza (three years), reserva (four years) and gran reserva.
Instead, some label wines simply by their provenance, as is now the custom in so many other parts of the world. Since these wines generally don't use label terminology like gran reserva, they are not bound to age the wines before sale, so they don't.
We are grateful that some of the greatest Rioja producers, like R Lopéz de Heredia, are simultaneously traditional and progressive. Lopéz ages its gran reservas longer than any other producer before they are sold, but these wines are also identified as products of single vineyards.
As always, I recommended three good examples of the wine. They were: Faustino I Rioja Gran Reserva 2006, Bodegas Riojanas Rioja Gran Reserva Monte Real 2010 and La Rioja Alta Rioja Gran Reserva 904 2009.
Even with the presale aging in the cellars of the producers, these wines, still seemed relatively young. Yes, they can all be consumed with pleasure now, but their potential will not have been explored. Even gran reservas are generally purchased with the idea of aging them further.
So why are we opening these bottles now?
Well, for our purposes, they are at least a little older, the Faustino I more so than the others. And they convey a notion of what can happen early in the aging process.
They all share one characteristic that I love in gran reservas: a mellow, cushioned texture and flavour. That is, rather than the firm, possibly rugged, astringent tannins from grape and oak that you might sense in younger, age-worthy wines, the tannins in these wines feel as if they've been sanded down by time to a softer, more comfortable state.
In general, I don't much like the overt presence of oak in any wine, but American oak seems to meld seamlessly with the fruit of traditional Riojas, which primarily comes from the tempranillo grape, often augmented by graciano, mazuelo or garnacha. This combination of grapes, oak and age gives gran reservas their characteristic burnished feeling, like a comfortable old leather chair in a warmly lighted, wood-panelled room.
The 2010 Monte Real, the youngest of the three wines, was 100% tempranillo. It was medium-bodied and not particularly concentrated, though its spicy, herbal flavors lingered in the mouth, as did its tannins. I liked its grace, and imagine it will develop complexity, but it did not strike me as a wine that would improve for decades.
How long might a Monte Real evolve? At a tasting of many old Monte Reals last year, bottles from 1942, 1955 and 1964 were absolutely gorgeous. I don't think the 2010 will make it that far.
The 2009 La Rioja Alta 904, 90% tempranillo and 10% graciano, was likewise spicy and herbal, with a soft fruit flavour, yet it had more concentration, complexity and intensity, with an underlying earthiness. This was a lovely wine now, but I think it will get much more interesting over the next 20 years.
The 2006 Faustino I - 86% tempranillo, 9% graciano and 5% mazuelo - was the oldest of the three. Judging by the colour of the wine, just beginning to fade around the edges from ruby to brick, it was, not surprisingly, the most evolved.
Its tannins were still wound up, but the aroma was getting interesting, spicy with dried flowers and balsam. On the palate, it had the mellow fruit-and-oak combination I love, with a tobacco, mineral component as well.
I have to say, the opaque, frosted Faustino I bottle with the Rembrandt label is kind of strange. "Timeless Icon", the label reads, which seems a little egotistic for an understated wine. Further down is a motto, "Tradition Is Not Inherited, It Is Conquered", which seems like the sort of nonsense a pro wrestler would scream: "Can you smell what Faustino I is cooking?" I decanted each of these wines and drank them over the prolonged course of four days, just to see what would happen. They all improved, a further indication that these were still young, sturdy wines. NYTIMES