US politics' distorted 'machofication'

Several American presidents over the past century and more considered it a cardinal sin if they didn't strike 'manly' postures to support their diplomatic bargaining.

SOME American presidents and policymakers have recommended that US foreign policy must boldly display the will to intervene abroad - otherwise the nation risks becoming timid and weak, and would lose its characteristic manliness.

Towards the goal of creating an "American Empire" in the 20th century, they incorporated the language of masculinity into their foreign policy in order to exhibit toughness in their dealings with the wider world.

Some presidents have been praised for their manliness, especially when they sent US troops abroad, and other presidents have been disparaged for their reluctance to create foreign colonies.

The latest to be derided is President Barack Obama, whose manhood was questioned...

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