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As flat prices soar in Hong Kong, investors park money down in the lot
[HONG KONG] Esther Fan's nest egg is tucked away in an old residential complex on the outskirts of Hong Kong - two parking spaces in a dimly-lit lot alongside dozens of luxury cars and a Mini Cooper with fake eyelashes on its headlights.
Her parking spots, marked out in mustard-coloured paint, have more than doubled in value in the past 18 months, with one surging to HK$1.6 million (S$272,630) from HK$720,000.
Those gains have greatly outpaced the price growth of the flats in the building above them in Tai Wai district, some 30 minutes' drive from the central business district on Hong Kong island.
It took about seven years for the flats, measuring only around28 square metres, to record the same growth of 120 per cent, according to data from Centaline Property Agency. The flats currently go for about HK$4.7 million per unit.
City-wide, while Hong Kong's private homes roughly doubled in value between 2010 and 2017, the price of a parking spot in residential complexes around the city tripled to an average of HK$1.4 million, according to data from an independent website dedicated to the asset, CarparkHK.com.
"Flats are expensive, but their value won't jump 100 per cent in roughly a year," said Ms Fan, who does not drive and rents both spaces out for HK$2,300 a month each. "But that's what's happening with parking spots. It's incredible."
The boom is being fuelled by a surge of cars on Hong Kong's roads and a red-hot housing market that pushes investors to park their money in assets with lower entrance fees.
A GRID OR A FLAT?
Over the past 15 months, two thirds of parking spaces fetched more than HK$1 million, while one in five cost more than HK$2 million, according to data compiled by Midland Realty Services.
Last year, a parking spot inside a luxury residential complex was sold for an eye-watering HK$5.18 million, or US$664,200 at the time - a record for the city.
The parking spot's price per square foot, at about US$3,500 (S$4,680), outpaced the typical per square foot price of prime residential flats in major cities like Tokyo (S$4,380), London (S$2,360) and New York (S$2,100), according to data from property consultancy Savills.
The only city that could top that is Hong Kong, at US$4,000 per square foot.
In 2014, a parking space in London's South Kensington went for a staggering £480,000 - now equivalent to US$651,600 but US$759,500 at the time.
A big reason for the parking space boom in Hong Kong is a jump in car ownership. From 2006 to 2016, the numbers of private cars on Hong Kong roads increased 45 per cent, according to a government report last year.
Meanwhile, the number of parking spaces only edged up 9 per cent, contributing to an "aggravating shortage", it added.
Buggle Lau, director of property data and research at Midland Realty Services, said it was hard to predict when the fervour would end.
"At this moment I can't see the economy becoming worse, so I don't see a drop in demand. But I also don't see a rise in supply," Mr Lau said.
AN EMPTY SPACE
The market for parking spaces has also been fuelled by a series of government measures since 2012 to cool the property sector, including a 15 per cent stamp tax on buying second flats.
Jason Or, the owner of Big Fortune Property Limited, cited the stamp duty as a trigger for a jump in demand for parking spots. "Some people even buy 50 at a time," he said.
Mr Or, 37, began investing in parking in 2015, and said the seven spaces he owns had doubled in value to a total of nearly HK$10 million.
Many banks in Hong Kong - including HSBC and Standard Chartered - even offer mortgages tailor made for parking spots.
But Sharmaine Lau, chief vice-president of mReferral Mortgage Brokerage Services, said the market was not very competitive as values were small compared to the residential sector.
While some investors are cashing in, those just looking for places to keep their cars are unhappy about the sky-rocketing prices.
Andrew Ng, 55, said parking woes were a common topic of conversation for him and fellow members of the Classic Car Club.
"It's crazy it takes a few million to buy a grid, a space with nothing, which you can't do anything with apart from parking," Mr Ng said.