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US new home sales rebound in August, but trend weakening

This shows a weakening housing market against backdrop of rising mortgage rates, likely slower growth

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The Commerce Department says new home sales rebounded 3.5% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 629,000 units last month, while July's sales pace was revised down to 608,000 units.

Washington

SALES of new US single-family homes rebounded in August after two straight monthly declines, but the underlying trend still pointed to a weakening housing market against the backdrop of rising mortgage rates and higher home prices.

The Commerce Department said on Wednesday that new home sales rebounded 3.5 per cent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 629,000 units last month.

July's sales pace was revised down to 608,000 units from the previously reported 627,000 units.

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Sales in June were also much weaker than previously reported. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast new home sales, which account for about 11 per cent of housing market sales, rising 0.5 per cent to a pace of 630,000 units in August.

"Despite the August increase, sales are still on a downward trend after peaking in November last year," said Andres Carbacho-Burgos, a senior economist at Moody's Analytics in Pennsylvania.

New home sales are drawn from permits and tend to be volatile on a month-to-month basis. They increased 12.7 per cent from a year ago.

While economists expect small gains in new homes sales in the coming months, they believe the overall housing market has likely peaked.

The housing market is lagging a robust economy, with data last week showing sales of previously owned homes flat in August and building permits hitting a more than one-year low.

Economists blame the weakness on rising borrowing costs and house prices, which have outstripped wage growth, making home purchasing unaffordable for some first-time buyers.

The 30-year fixed mortgage rate has increased more than 60 basis points this year to an average of 4.65 per cent. House prices rose 5.9 per cent in July from a year ago, data showed on Tuesday.

In contrast, annual wage growth has been stuck below 3 per cent, though it has recently shown signs of picking up.

With the US Federal Reserve raising interest rates on Wednesday for the third time this year, mortgage rates are likely to rise further. The US central bank foresees another rate hike in December, three more next year, and one increase in 2020.

The PHLX housing index was trading lower, bucking a broadly firmer US stock market. The dollar was little changed against a basket of currencies, while US Treasury yields fell.

Residential investment contracted in the first half of the year and is expected to decline further in the third quarter.

Some analysts said the housing market weakness could be flagging a slowdown in economic activity.

"Residential investment tends to be an early indicator of a more general slowing in growth," said Andrew Hollenhorst, an economist at Citigroup in New York.

"A rate-related slowdown in housing may be interpreted by Fed officials as an early indication that interest rates are no longer accommodative."

New home sales in the South, which account for the bulk of transactions, fell 1.7 per cent in August. Sales jumped 9.1 per cent in the West and climbed 2.7 per cent in the Midwest. They soared 47.8 per cent in the North-east, which is the smallest segment of the new housing market.

The median new house price rose 1.9 per cent to US$320,200 in August from a year ago. There were 318,000 new homes on the market in August, the most since February 2009 and up 1.6 per cent from July.

Supply is, however, just over half of what it was at the peak of the housing market boom in 2006.

A survey last week showed confidence among single-family homebuilders steady in September.

While builders welcomed a decline in lumber prices from record highs earlier this year, they said they "still need to manage construction costs to keep homes competitively priced".

At August's sales pace, it would take 6.1 months to clear the supply of houses on the market, down from 6.2 months in July. Nearly two-thirds of the houses sold last month were either under construction or yet to be built.

"The housing recovery is entering a new stage," said Michelle Meyer, chief US economist at Bank of America Merrill Lynch in New York.

"There is still room for single family construction to expand, but it is likely to remain slow given challenges finding labour and dislocations in the market." REUTERS