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Asia tech stocks hit 15-month low on US-China tension

The MSCI AC Asia Pacific Infotech Index hit the lowest since July 2017 on Friday as investors digested a Bloomberg News report that China had infiltrated American companies with a hardware hack three years ago.

[HONG KONG] An escalating face-off between the world's two largest economies has caught Asian technology shares in the middle, hammering those with the most at stake.

The MSCI AC Asia Pacific Infotech Index hit the lowest since July 2017 on Friday as investors digested a Bloomberg News report that China had infiltrated American companies with a hardware hack three years ago. The story came the same day Vice President Mike Pence criticized China across economic, commercial and diplomatic fronts in a keynote speech.

While the two nations were already embroiled in a months-long tariff-raising trade confrontation, the latest developments raise the broader question of the place of China - and its Asian suppliers - in the supply chain that feeds through to the US consumer.

"It all means that trade friction will only get worse from here," said Amir Anvarzadeh, a senior strategist with Asymmetric Advisors in Singapore.

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Chinese computer maker Lenovo Group Ltd slumped as much as 23 per cent for its biggest loss in almost a decade before paring some of its decline by the close on Friday.

In a statement Friday, Lenovo said Super Micro Computer Inc, the company at the centre of the hacking chip investigation, is "not a supplier to Lenovo in any capacity" and the company will take steps to protect the ongoing integrity of its supply chain.

Super Micro supplied servers to clients that were altered to add the hacking chip, according to the Bloomberg report.

Benchmark stock indexes fell across Asia. Taiwan's Taiex index fell 1.9 per cent in Taipei for its lowest close since May. The broader MSCI Asia Pacific Index is heading for its worst week since March. Futures on the Nasdaq 100 Index slipped 4 points as of 7.26am in New York.

ZTE Corp, a Chinese communications-gear maker that's been hit by American sanctions, fell 11 per cent in Hong Kong, the most since June.

Walsin Technology Corp, the top emerging-market stock through the first half of the year before becoming the worst since mid-July, dropped 9.9 per cent in Taiwan.

Taiwan lens maker Largan Precision Co, an Apple supplier, fell 7.3 per cent.

Realtek Semiconductor Corp was down 8.3 per cent to a July low.

Taiwan chipmaker Win Semiconductors Corp fell 9.9 per cent to a February 2017 low.

"Electronics produced in China may be viewed unsafe due to this news, and tech shares are falling in general because of that," Ray K W Kwok, an analyst at CGS-CIMB Securities Hong Kong Ltd, said of the Bloomberg story.

Semiconductor stocks around the world had already been under persistent pressure this year on concerns the cyclical industry has peaked amid flagging smartphone sales. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co dropped 1.6 per cent in Taipei.

Lenovo could be particularly vulnerable because it generated more than 30 per cent of its revenue from North America and 75 per cent from outside China in the most recent fiscal year.

It has built up its foreign sales through acquisitions, particularly from International Business Machines Corp. The company bought IBM's PC business in 2005, including the ThinkPad notebook brand, and then agreed to buy its low-end server business in 2014. It also acquired Motorola Mobility from Google Inc, now known as Alphabet Inc, in 2014 in a US$2.9 billion deal to bolster its smartphone business.

"The hack report has nothing to do with Lenovo, but since Lenovo sells PCs and severs there, some investors may have concerns on a sentiment level," said Dennis Guan, a senior analyst at eFusion Capital. "It's just too hard to predict how things will develop."

In a trading note to clients, JPMorgan Chase & Co recommended shorting Lenovo with a six-month time horizon given the company's PC and server sales to the US. "Whilst Lenovo isn't directly implicated in the expose, it is hard not to see US slow down their procurement of servers near term," the note obtained by Bloomberg said.

Lenovo's options trading volume surged, with almost 41,000 contracts changing hands Friday, 19 times the 20-day average. Puts contracts were about 20 times the 20-day average, data compiled by Bloomberg show.

Investors may also consider shorting Taiwanese computer companies including Quanta Computer Inc, Inventec Corp, Wiwynn Corp and Wistron Corp, JPMorgan said.

Wistron gets about 20 per cent of its enterprise server business from Super Micro, JPMorgan said. A Wistron press official confirmed that Super Micro is a customer but declined to provide further details.

Wistron fell 4.4 per cent to a two-year low while Wiwynn retreated 6.9 per cent for a fourth day of losses in Taiwan.

Losses in Asia followed declines in the US on Thursday. The Nasdaq 100 Index saw its worst one-day drop since June, as Inc and Apple Inc - companies named as being affected by the China hack retreated at least 1.8 per cent. Nasdaq futures fell 0.4 per cent in Asian trading Friday.