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US: Wall Street ends higher as Trump takes office
[NEW YORK] US stocks closed higher on Friday in a modest but broad-based advance as Donald Trump was sworn in as US President, marking the first time in more than 50 years that a new commander-in-chief has been welcomed by a rising equity market on his first day in office.
In his speech, Mr Trump said US policy will be to buy American and hire American, reiterating what he had said many times during this campaign for the White House.
Some investors said the comments reinforced concerns about potential protectionist trade policies. Indexes pared gains during his speech and ended off the highest levels of the day.
The rally in stocks since the Nov 8 election had stalled in recent weeks as investors awaited clarity on his plans to boost the economy.
"If you want to take the inaugural speech as a signal of anything, it's that trade remains at the top of the agenda and he's going to do something about it quickly," said Brad McMillan, chief investment officer for Commonwealth Financial in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Still, the S&P 500's 6.2-per cent gain since the election is one of the best performances for the American stock market for any presidential transition period of the modern era.
Former President Barack Obama's transition period, which came amid the throes of the 2008 financial crisis, overlapped a 15.5 per cent fall for the S&P 500 from his election to the day of his 2009 inauguration. Yet he presided over the second-best run for the stock market under any president since Republican Dwight Eisenhower.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed up 94.85 points, or 0.48 per cent, to 19,827.25, the S&P 500 gained 7.62 points, or 0.3 per cent, to 2,271.31 and the Nasdaq Composite added 15.25 points, or 0.28 per cent, to 5,555.33.
The Dow snapped a five-session losing streak, but all three major indexes ended with losses for the week.
The S&P 500 has fallen by a median 2.7 per cent in the month after each new president has taken the keys to the White House since Herbert Hoover in January 1929, according to a Reuters analysis.
Among the day's gainers, Merck rose 3.6 per cent to US$62.53 after Bristol-Myers said it would not seek accelerated US approval for a combination of its two immunotherapy drugs as an initial treatment for lung cancer, giving Merck an advantage in the lucrative market. Bristol-Myers' stock fell 11.3 per cent .
About 6.6 billion shares changed hands on US exchanges, higher than the 6.1 billion daily average for the past 20 trading days, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Advancing issues outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a 1.76-to-1 ratio; on Nasdaq, a 1.58-to-1 ratio favoured advancers.
The S&P 500 posted 19 new 52-week highs and seven new lows; the Nasdaq Composite recorded 85 new highs and 33 new lows.