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Auto industry groups urge caution in changing Nafta origin rules
[WASHINGTON] Auto industry trade groups said on Wednesday that tightening the rules of origin in the North American Free Trade Agreement could be disruptive and hurt the competitiveness of US, Mexican and Canadian auto plants.
Their testimony at a public hearing ahead of Nafta renegotiations, expected to start Aug 17, contrasted sharply with frequent comments from US Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross that the trade pact's local content rules are an area that needs strengthening to avoid being used as a "back door" for Chinese auto parts.
Matt Blunt, president of the American Automotive Policy Council, said the current Nafta 62.5 per cent local content requirement was working just fine and "strikes the right balance" for encouraging local manufacturing investment and keeping the industry's costs competitive.
Mr Blunt, whose group represents Detroit automakers General Motors, Ford and Fiat Chrysler urged a "very cautions and careful" approach for any origin rule changes and discussed the affects of stricter enforcement.
"It could make us less competitive as compared to our international peers and affect our ability to export," Mr Blunt said.
"It could deny us access to supply chains which would drive up costs and could affect sales and ultimately employment within the industry." Mr Ross has said that Nafta's rules of origin need tightening to avoid producers from outside the region to benefit from tariff-free access to the US market. He also has noted that vehicles now have many new electronic components that were not contemplated when the pact was negotiated in the early 1990s.
But Mr Blunt disputed that the origin rules were allowing China to benefit from Nafta in a major way, arguing that Chinese components make up less than six per cent of the value of North American-built vehicles.
His comments were seconded by representatives of other groups, including the Motor Equipment Manufacturers Association (Mema), representing parts makers, the Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers, which includes Detroit and foreign automakers building vehicles in the United States, and the Association Global Automakers, a group that represents international automakers that sell into the US market.
Leigh Merino, senior director of regulatory affairs for Mema, said auto components and subsystems in particular depend on complex "ecosystem" of diverse parts suppliers and small changes to this "can be extremely disruptive." Nonetheless, the trade groups said that they were not opposed to examining ways to improve the rules.
The Nafta hearings, which allow industry groups and companies to express views on the US negotiating objectives for the talks are expected to conclude on Thursday.