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Baltic Exchange Shipping Insights

A roundup of last week's tanker and dry bulk market



The market in the Middle East Gulf remained under downward pressure, with China discharge fixed at WS 57.5. SPC fixed to Singapore at WS 56.5 and 2001 built tonnage agreed WS 48 to South Korea, all basis 270,000 tonnes cargo. Going west, Koch took the Boston at WS 26.5 which was ex drydock basis cape/cape for 280,000 tonnes to US Gulf. 

West Africa to China remained around WS 64 for 260,000 tonnes. Indian charterers fixed 2002 built tonnage at equivalent of about WS 56.75 for 260,000 tonnes basis EC India. Oxy fixed a US Gulf/Singapore run at US$4.15 million, whilst EC Mexico to WC India went at US$3.9 million. Fuel oil from Rotterdam to Singapore was fixed at US$3.6 million also on 2002 built tonnage and Statoil covered Hound Point to South Korea at US$4.75 million.

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Rates pushed up 10 points to WS 87.5/90 region for 130,000 tonnes from West Africa to Europe despite reasonable availability of tonnage. Black Sea remained steady at WS 85 to Med, while WS 67.5 was agreed for a Ceyhan/USAC run both basis 135,000 tonnes size. Repsol fixed 140,000 tonnes from Sidi Kerir to Spain at WS 70.


The market for 80,000 tonnes cross Med has settled at around WS 90, although an attractive Sidi Kerir/Portugal trip was covered at WS 72.5. Rates for 100,000 tonnes from Baltic to UKC fell 20 points to WS 70 and cross North Sea rates for 80,000 tonnes followed suit, losing 12.5 points to WS 92.5 with Sullom Voe load paying around WS 97.5.

Another active week following Thanksgiving in the 70,000 tonnes Caribbean/up coast trade saw rates surge over 30 points to around WS 170 level.


The 50,000 tonnes Caribs up coast market is very tight and with plenty of activity here, rates have gained 37.5 points to WS 171.75 with potential for further increases. This has lead owners to stay local, leaving the UK-Cont bereft of ballasters, and consequently rates for 55,000 tonnes from ARA or Skikda/US Gulf gained 17.5 points to WS 132.5 level.


Rates for 75,000 tonnes from Middle East Gulf/Japan lost 7.75 points to WS 107.25, although the 55,000 tonnes market to Japan has held at WS 130 region.

Healthy levels of enquiry in the 37,000 tonnes Cont/USAC trade saw rates gain 27.5 points to WS 155 with potential to firm further. In contrast, the 38,000 tonnes backhaul trade from US Gulf/UKCont lost 22.5 points to WS 112.5 and remains under downward pressure. 



Weather delays in China upsetting schedules fuelled further rate rises in the east, with the West Australia /China rate nudging US$10.00, a level not seen for about three years. A miner wanting prompt tonnage conceded US$12.50 as the week closed out, for a ship to make 4 December cancelling in Port Hedland. BHP Billiton paid US$9.90 for an 11-13 December 170,000-tonne 10% cargo from Port Hedland to Qingdao. Timecharter rates also soared with a 181,000-tonner open Huanghua fixing an Australian round at US$29,000 daily. Period demand intensified, with a 2004-built 176,000-tonner fixed for about a year with Lianyungang delivery at US$17,500 daily to Korea Line. There was also a rumour that a 180,000-tonner fixed a four to six month period at a firmer US$27,000 daily.

Rates from Saldanha Bay/Qingdao rose sharply with a 22-23 December cargo fixed at US$15.50. The positive sentiment spilled over into Brazil, but fixing was more measured with rates in excess of US$20.00 and a rumour that US$21.00 was done for end December dates.

Further north, there were few ships open and although a limited cargo list owners made gains. With talk of rates approaching and over US$30,000 daily for transatlantic rounds and equivalent C7 rate for Bolivar/Rotterdam exceeding US$13.00 level. Front haul fixing was largely thin but again rates talked ranged in the upper US$30,000s and one cargo fixed from Baltimore/Kandla at US$29.50 that reportedly equated to US$40,000 daily.


Rates finally improved this week, the significant gains in the cape market have been a major driving force in improving sentiment but also providing split cargoes in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Grain enquiry increased considerably which added to already healthy mineral demand, pushing up levels everywhere including east coast South America which had suffered the most recently. 

The US Gulf front haul market lead the way with kamsarmaxes suddenly being reported around US$17,000 daily plus US$700,000 ballast bonus, up from around US$15,000 daily and US$500,000 ballast bonus previously, plus talk of a voyage fixture concluded in excess of US$44.00 per metric ton.  With a lack of vessels ballasting to the US Gulf from the east, charterers began taking tonnage Skaw-Gibraltar delivery at around US$20,000 daily, whilst there were still ballasters for east coast South America the increased activity this last week has seen many of them covered.

Transatlantic mineral volume remained strong, coupled with limited tonnage supply on the north Continent and upcoming holidays, rates look set to continue rising.  Whilst the Pacific also saw gains and increased period demand, many considered that more fresh enquiry was needed to maintain this, with sentiment and an improving Atlantic market only able to provide short term support.


The US Gulf market picked up significantly with more activity reported since the mid-week. Rates improved for tonnage in east coast South America and the Pacific but remained weak on the Continent. Increased period activity was evident in the east with two 56,000-dwt open mid to north China both fixing for four to six months at rates in the mid US$9,000s redelivery worldwide. A 2013-built ultramax open in the Pacific in the first quarter next year was fixed for 8 to 11 months at US$11,500 daily also with worldwide redelivery.

In the Mediterranean, a 56,000-dwt 2012-built open Canakkale was fixed for a trip via the Black Sea to Singapore-Japan range at US$16,300 daily. Two sister ultramax vessels were both fixed from east coast South America to the Far East at US$13,600 daily plus US$360,000 ballast bonus and US$14,000 daily plus US$400,000 ballast bonus respectively. From the US Gulf, a 61,000-dwt 2015-built was booked for bauxite from Jamaica to China at US$24,100 daily.

From the east, a 56,000-dwt 2007-built with good eco speed was fixed for a trip via NoPac at US$8,850 daily delivery CJK back to Singapore-Japan range. A coal trip to India paid US$13,000 daily on a 58,000-dwt 2016-built, and US$11,700 daily to China on a 55,000-dwt 2009-built both delivery Indonesia. An India coastal trip was reported to have booked at US$11,750 daily on a 63,000-dwt 2014-built from east to west coast India. A 57,000-dwt paid US$12,000 daily delivery RBCT plus a ballast bonus of US$200,000 for a trip to India.


The handy sector slowly recovered towards the end of the week. Rates pushed higher for supramax vessels in the Pacific and this had a positive impact on activity for east-bound handies.

A 30,000-dwt 2017-built vessel was paid US$9,000 daily basis Tunisia delivery for a run via the Black Sea back to the Egyptian Mediterranean with grain. A 32,000-dwt 2014-built open Eregli was covered to the US Gulf at US$9,350 daily. In the Pacific, a 28,000-dwt 2010-built open north China was fixed for a steel trip to Indonesia at US$8,200 daily, and a 38,000-dwt 2015-built open CJK was reportedly booked to move metcoke to Japan at US$9,650 daily.

A 32,000-dwt open Vietnam was paid US$8,100 daily for a clinker trip to north China at the beginning of the week.

This report is produced by the Baltic Exchange.

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