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[WASHINGTON] President Barack Obama offered veiled criticism of the Democratic Party after losses in last week's elections, saying that it must rebuild its appeal across the country, particularly in Midwestern states that were overlooked and lost by Hillary Clinton.
Mr Obama didn't mention Mrs Clinton's name in response to a question at a news conference on Monday about how Democrats should regroup after her loss to Republican Donald Trump.
But he used his own experience in Iowa to describe how Democrats could have won.
"We have to compete everywhere. We have to show up everywhere. We have to compete on a grassroots level," Mr Obama said.
"I won Iowa not because the demographics predicted I would win Iowa," but because "I spent 87 days going to every small town, fair, fish fry and VFW hall."
Mrs Clinton lost Iowa and other key Midwestern states that Mr Obama won at least once, including Wisconsin and Ohio, to Mr Trump.
Mr Obama said Mr Trump "was able to tap into, yes, the anxieties, but also the enthusiasm of his voters in a way that was impressive, and I said so to him" in an Oval Office meeting on Thursday.
He added that Mr Trump didn't strike him as ideological.
"I think he's pragmatic," Mr Obama said.
"That can serve him well, as long as he has good people around him and has a clear sense of direction."
Mrs Clinton's loss to Mr Trump leaves the Democratic Party without a leader upon Mr Obama's exit and has set off a race to rebuild the party organisation, starting with the chairmanship of the Democratic National Committee.
Mr Obama later participated in a conference call organised by the Democratic National Committee in which he said he's told his aides they can have a week and a half or maybe two weeks to "mope" but that they then need to "come together and focus on a way ahead".
"Let's learn our lessons, lick our wounds, brush ourselves off. Then we'll get back to work," the president said.
"Expected losses are hard enough. Unexpected ones are just worse. And that's OK."
He praised Mrs Clinton on the call, describing her bid for the presidency as "a history-making race" that will give boys and girls "a different sense of the possible".
Separately, Mrs Clinton spoke to House Democrats on Monday and thanked them for rallying around her.
"No one is sorrier than me. Heartbreaks don't heal overnight and this one won't," she said on the call, according to a Democratic aide.
That contest for the next head of the DNC has revealed fissures within the party over whether the centre of power should rest with an anti-establishment, liberal wing led by Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, Mrs Clinton's primary rival, or with establishment Democrats with more centrist records such as Senator Charles Schumer of New York. He is in line to be Senate Democratic leader.
Possible candidates for the DNC post include Representative Keith Ellison of Minnesota, who is black and the first Muslim elected to Congress; Howard Dean, the former Vermont governor and presidential candidate who was chairman from 2005 to 2009; and Martin O'Malley, the former governor of Maryland who ran for president this year and finished a distant third in the Democratic primaries.
The chairman of the South Carolina Democratic Party, Jaime Harrison, said Monday on MSNBC that he plans to seek the position.
Mr Ellison is backed by Mr Sanders and Ms Warren as well as Mr Schumer and the outgoing Senate Democratic leader, Harry Reid of Nevada.