Mitsubishi's sacked S'pore-based trader says he was acting on managers' orders

US$320 million losses at Petro-Diamond resulted from 'premature' settlement of the derivatives positions by the company, says Wang Xingchen's lawyer


THE Chinese trader fired by Mitsubishi Corp for allegedly losing US$320 million in oil trading said he was acting on his managers' orders and there were no unauthorised transactions, according to his lawyer.

The losses at Mitsubishi unit Petro-Diamond Singapore Pte resulted from "premature" settlement of the derivatives positions by the company, said Joseph Chen, the Singapore-based lawyer for the trader, Wang Xingchen. "Our client takes the position that he had not engaged in unauthorised trades in crude oil derivatives," Mr Chen said in a statement.

Japan's biggest trading house on Friday said it expected Petro-Diamond to book the losses after discovering an unidentified trader "repeatedly" engaged in unauthorised crude derivative deals since January, disguising them as hedging transactions. The loss is equivalent to about 6 per cent of Mitsubishi's projected profit for the year.

The case is the latest in a long history of busts in the oil trading business, an often opaque and idiosyncratic world where cargoes of crude worth hundreds of millions of dollars quietly change hands. While these losses may require Mitsubishi to lower projected earnings for the year, they will also raise questions about internal controls at its trading unit, though the company has said they were sufficient.

The transactions were discovered in mid-August after a slump in oil prices triggered large derivatives losses at the company, Mitsubishi said in its statement. The employee was absent from work at the time, it said.

The trader manipulated data in Petro-Diamond's risk management system so that the transactions looked like they were related to real deals with customers, Mitsubishi said. After recognising that they could result in a loss for the company, it closed the derivatives positions. The trader was fired on Sept 18 and reported to police the following day, it said.

But Mr Wang's lawyer told Bloomberg that his client followed internal reporting procedures and policy at all times and his trades were reviewed by Petro-Diamond's finance team. "Internal controls were in place" throughout the duration of the period in question, he said.

Mr Wang, also known as Jack, was on vacation and then medical leave in August, according to his lawyer. He didn't abscond from work and doesn't want to identify his current location because of concerns for his safety, Mr Chen said, adding that Mr Wang has given "appropriate responses" to Petro-Diamond.

"Our understanding of the facts is how we described in our statement to the press, and we have every intention to give the authorities our complete cooperation," Mitsubishi and Petro-Diamond said in emailed statements in response to Bloomberg's inquiries.

The Singapore Police Force confirmed that a report has been filed and it's looking into the matter, declining to provide any other information.

The company said it subsequently conducted an internal review of its unit and concluded that it has sufficient controls in place. It added that it's tightened governance to ensure that any similar "improprieties can be detected at a much earlier stage".

Mr Wang joined Petro-Diamond in November 2018. Hewas hired by the company to help expand its business with Chinese counterparties, especially the independent Chinese refiners - known as teapots - that are an emerging force in that country's massive oil industry, the people said.

Petro-Diamond is Mitsubishi's overseas oil business, headquartered in Singapore. The unit trades crude as well as petroleum products including naphtha, gasoline and fuel oil. Petro-Diamond Singapore had revenue of US$6.7 billion in the year ending March 2018 and EBIT of US$18 million, according to the financial profile filed with the city's accounting regulator.

It represents a tiny corner of Mitsubishi, the biggest of Japan's so-called sogo shosha, the group of massive conglomerates involved in everything from iron ore to fish farms. Mitsubishi forecast full year net income of 600 billion yen (S$7.7 billion) in August.

The oil trading community is still reeling from news of yet another bust. Only last year, China's Unipec took a US$656 million hit from wrong-way bets on crude.

And while they're still a long way off the infamous US$1.2 billion blow-up at Metallgesellschaft AG in 1994, Petro-Diamond's losses will still go down as some of the more significant in the history of the oil business. BLOOMBERG

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