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Oil inches higher ahead of Christmas holiday weekend
[LONDON] Oil prices rose in light volumes on Friday, steadying near their highest levels since 2015 on pledges from Opec leader Saudi Arabia and non-Opec Russia that any exit from crude output cuts would be gradual.
Brent crude futures, the international benchmark for oil prices, ended the session up 35 cents at US$65.25 a barrel, its highest close since June 2015.
US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures settled 11 cents higher at US$58.47 a barrel. WTI has also been touching values not seen since mid-2015 over the past two months.
Both contracts settled one hour early due to the upcoming Christmas holiday. Market liquidity was also drying up on Friday as traders closed positions ahead of the Christmas and New Year breaks.
About 280,000 front-month US crude futures changed hands while front-month Brent crude futures saw the lowest trade volumes in about seven months, excluding expiration days.
"I think the market is looking balanced overall but think the risk remains to the upside in Brent spreads due to continued price appreciation," said Scott Shelton, a broker at ICAP in Durham, North Carolina.
"Traders who are flat and waiting for a dip will come in on the first trading day of the month in January in 2018 with a fresh P&L wondering if US$60 WTI and US$66 Brent are buys or not."
Oil prices have recovered in the past year on the back of oil production cuts by Opec, Russia and other producers, helping reduce the global inventory overhang.
Russian energy minister Alexander Novak told Reuters Opec and Russia would exit cuts smoothly, possibly extending curbs in some form to avoid creating any new surplus.
"There is a consensus among the (oil) ministers that we should avoid oversupply on the market when exiting the deal," Novak said, comments that will calm investor worries that Moscow wants a speedy exit.
Saudi energy minister Khalid al-Falih said it was premature to discuss changes to the pact on supply cuts as market rebalancing was unlikely to happen until the second half of 2018.
The Opec-led pact to withhold supplies started in January this year. The producer group and its allies last month extended the agreement until the end of next year.
The supply restraint has reduced oil inventories and helped push up Brent by more than 45 per cent since June this year.
"Opec's extension of its production cuts through the end of 2018 is a necessary condition for continued inventory drawdown," US investment bank Jefferies said, raising its 2018 Brent forecast to US$63 from US$57, and its WTI forecast to US$59 from US$54.
Novak said some pressure on prices was possible in the first quarter of 2018 when demand traditionally declines and added he saw prices hovering at around US$50 to US$60 in 2018.
Analysts said crude output in the United States, fast approaching 10 million bpd, would be a drag on prices in the longer term.
"Supply is expected to grow further, paving the way to an oversupplied market, which can again exercise downward pressure on oil prices," consultancy Rystad Energy said.
Novak said he expected US oil output to grow by 0.6 million bpd in 2018 but added that rising US demand should help offset an increase.