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China vice-premier to visit US amid heightened trade tensions
CHINESE Vice-Premier Liu He will visit the United States this week for trade talks, Beijing said on Tuesday, playing down a sudden increase in tension after US President Donald Trump vowed to impose new tariffs.
US officials have said that China has backtracked on substantial commitments made during months of negotiations seeking to end their bruising trade war.
Those concerns prompted Mr Trump to say on Sunday that he would raise tariffs on US$200 billion worth of Chinese goods to 25 per cent from 10 per cent by the end of the week, and would "soon" target remaining Chinese imports with tariffs.
His tweets abruptly ended a five-month ceasefire in a trade dispute that has cost the two countries billions of dollars and disrupted manufacturing supply chains.
Fears that negotiations were unravelling drove global stocks and oil prices lower on Monday, and fed speculation that China could cancel Mr Liu's planned visit.
China's Commerce Ministry confirmed that Mr Liu, who leads the talks for Beijing, will visit the United States on Thursday and Friday. The ministry did not elaborate or give the expected topics of discussion.
Beijing's response to the prospect of new tariffs has been reserved, and on Tuesday, Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang told a news briefing that mutual respect was the basis for reaching a trade agreement.
"Adding tariffs can't resolve any problem," Mr Geng said. "Talks are by their nature a process of discussion. It's normal for both sides to have differences. China won't shun problems, and is sincere about continuing talks."
"We hope the US side can work hard with China, to meet each other halfway, and on the basis of mutual respect and equality, resolve each other's reasonable concerns, and strive for a mutually beneficial, win-win agreement," he added.
Beijing's willingness to continue with the talks in the face of Mr Trump's tweets shows that it would remain calm and "focus on the talks rather than engage in public opinion warfare", the widely-read state-run Global Times tabloid said in an editorial.
In a commentary, the paper's parent, the ruling Communist Party's official People's Daily, said that China had weathered such threats from the United States before, and would keep calm.
"China has complete confidence to face all possible difficulties and challenges in the China-US economic and trade consultation process, which is why China has always been able to maintain its composure," it said on its app.
If Mr Liu joins the delegation to Washington, "it will signal how serious China is, and indicates that China and the US are going to talk further," economists at ING said in a note on Tuesday.
US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, who has been an advocate for tough structural changes in China, said on Monday that Beijing had reneged on previous commitments that would have changed the pact substantially.
"Over the course of the last week or so, we have seen . . . an erosion in commitments by China," he told reporters. "That, in our view, is unacceptable."
"We're not breaking off talks at this point," he added. "But for now . . . come Friday, there will be tariffs in place."
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, considered to be less hawkish towards China, said that its backtracking became clear with "new information" over the weekend.
He declined to give specifics, and said that the US had originally hoped to conclude a deal either way this week.
"They were trying to go back on language that had been previously negotiated, very clear language, that had the potential of changing the deal dramatically," Mr Mnuchin said.
"The entire economic team . . . are completely unified, and recommended to the president to move forward with tariffs if we are not able to conclude a deal by the end of the week."
China has repeatedly said that it will make changes to open its economy on its own timeline, not in response to trade disputes.
But recently, it has adopted new laws - including a Foreign Investment Law - and amended others, moves that some see as efforts to tackle concerns of the United States and other foreign investors, including those from China's largest trading partner, the European Union.
The United States now has 25 per cent tariffs on US$50 billion of Chinese machinery and technology goods, and 10 per cent tariffs on US$200 billion of products ranging from computer modems and routers to furniture, lighting and building materials. REUTERS