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German growth limited by trade disputes and labour shortages
[BERLIN] The German economy is losing steam as rising trade tensions abroad and a lack of skilled workers at home limit the growth prospects for Europe's largest economy, economy minister Peter Altmaier said on Thursday.
Presenting the government's downwardly revised growth forecasts, Mr Altmaier said the economy would expand by 1.8 per cent in both 2018 and 2019.
This compared with earlier projections of 2.3 per cent and 2.1 per cent respectively. In 2017, the economy grew by a calendar-adjusted 2.5 per cent.
Germany's vibrant domestic economy will continue to propel growth this year and next, with imports rising at a faster pace than exports and net trade expected to hold back an upswing that is seen entering its tenth year in 2019, Mr Altmaier said.
"This is the longest upswing since 1966, the second longest ever," he added, pointing to record-high employment, rising real wages and planned tax relief for workers.
Germany's strong domestic demand means that rising imports will help to lower the country's large current account surplus to 7.1 per cent of GDP in 2019 and 6.7 per cent in 2020.
The growth outlook is clouded, however, by protectionist tendencies and US trade disputes with Europe and China, Mr Altmaier said. The economy would also expand at a faster rate if companies were able to find skilled workers more quickly.
The centre-right minister called for swift implementation of an EU-US tariffs deal reached earlier this year to solve the transatlantic trade conflict.
Germany and its European allies will also support efforts to safeguard the rules-based free trade order by reforming the World Trade Organization (WTO), Mr Altmaier said.
Turning to the problem of labour shortages, Mr Altmaier said a planned immigration law should help to attract skilled workers from countries outside the European Union. He urged cabinet to pass the legislation before the end of the year.
A poll conducted for ARD broadcaster showed on Thursday that 71 per cent backed the planned immigration law while 26 per cent were against it, suggesting that the move could turn out to be less risky for Ms Merkel's coalition government than expected.
Mr Altmaier estimated that trade-related uncertainty so far had clipped off 0.1 percentage points of overall growth while labour shortages are costing the economy roughly 0.2 percentage points.
The government's growth forecasts confirmed a Reuters report on Wednesday that showed Berlin views an escalation in the global trade dispute as the main risk for the future.
The ministry also blamed revisions to previously reported output data and slower production in the auto sector due to difficulties adjusting to a new pollution standard - the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP).
The Bild newspaper said a 10-point tax plan prepared by ministry called for "complete elimination" of the 'solidarity' tax imposed after German unification to support poorer states in eastern Germany. The coalition agreement had called for the tax to be phased out from 2021 for 90 per cent of Germans.
Mr Altmaier also demanded tax relief for companies, but he stopped short of confirming a report by daily Handelsblatt that said he was in favour of lowering corporate taxes by around 20 billion euros (S$31.69 billion) per year.
Centre-left finance minister Olaf Scholz from the co-governing Social Democrats (SPD) has rejected such a step, arguing that the government should better use the money to increase public investments in education and infrastructure.