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US officials will look for steps by China to open markets
[WASHINGTON] US treasury secretary Steven Mnuchin and commerce secretary Wilbur Ross said they will be looking for specific, "concrete" agreements from Beijing to increase US access to China's growing consumer markets in bilateral economic talks on Wednesday.
At a business lunch on Tuesday, Mr Mnuchin said he hoped China would lift foreign ownership restrictions in its financial services sector to allow more US participation and remove barriers to trade in its information and communication technology sector.
"My hope is that we can increase our focus on concrete and targeted commitments to address both short-term and long-term strategic challenges," Mr Mnuchin said at the luncheon of mainly business executives with China ties.
Mr Ross said some initial deals announced in April, as part of a 100-day economic plan aimed at reducing the US trade deficit with China, were a "good start."
These include the sale of US beef in China for the first time in 14 years and commitments to open up narrow areas of China's financial services sector, such as credit card services and credit ratings agencies.
Some of these agreements are yet to be implemented, and there has been little evidence of progress on thornier issues, such as excess capacity in China's steel and aluminum sectors.
A looming Trump administration decision on whether to impose broad steel tariffs based on national security concerns is casting a cloud of uncertainty over the talks, which have been rebranded this year as the "US-China Comprehensive Economic Dialogue". Mr Ross acknowledged that the dialogue has become more challenging as US and Chinese officials grapple with more sensitive issues.
"Our objective, however, will continue to be specific deliverables by specific dates so that everyone on both sides can measure the results on a continuing basis," he said.
China trade experts said they expect new announcements on small openings of China's markets or specific purchases of US goods, but these will not substantially alter the bilateral economic relationship.
It would be more beneficial for US interests if China would agree to end subsidies for state-owned enterprises and stop the theft of intellectual property, said Derek Scissors, a China trade expert at the conservative American Enterprise Institute in Washington.
But such larger reforms are unlikely to come before China's 19th Party Congress this autumn, where senior officials will want to preserve economic stability, Mr Scissors added.
The annual bilateral talks, launched in 2006 and expanded by former President Barack Obama to include strategic and security issues, have been pared back under Mr Trump to focus on trade and economic issues.
China has concerns of its own to be addressed in the bilateral talks, Chinese vice-premier Wang Yang told the US-China Business Council lunch, including "outdated" US export controls for high-technology products.
According to a translated text of his remarks, Mr Wang said allowing such sales to China would help reduce the US trade deficit, noting that China imported US$227 billion worth of integrated circuits last year, but only 4 per cent of that came from the United States.
He said that the United States and China had no choice but to cooperate economically even if they wanted to buy and hire locally.
"It is important that both sides come to realise with cool heads that given the depth of our business cooperation, neither Chinese nor Americans can do without goods from the other country," Mr Wang said.