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Mortgage bond buyers not worried by Australia's housing slump

The Reserve Bank of Australia has shifted to a neutral policy stance as the property downturn weighs on household spending and dampens growth.


AUSTRALIA'S worst property market slump in a generation has the central bank and government worried. But even amid fears that tumbling prices may derail the economy, the nation's mortgage bonds still look attractive to some of the biggest buyers.

Realm Investment House, a top-performing credit fund based in Melbourne, said that an uptick in arrears is no reason to panic. The reason? Strong employment and low interest rates are keeping borrowers above water.

Vivek Prabhu, head of fixed income at Perpetual Ltd, has even been adding holdings of senior "AAA" rated residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) as a "defensive" play amid rising volatility as global central banks withdraw liquidity from the financial system.

"Deals are being issued at competitive spreads," said Mr Prabhu, whose Perpetual Wholesale Diversified Income Fund beat 89 per cent of peers over the past three years. "They're oversubscribed so there's still a lot of demand for those types of assets."

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The prime spread for the Australian dollar senior tranche for the two securities priced so far this year averaged 139 basis points, according to Bloomberg data. That compares with an average prime spread for 2018 of 112 basis points.

The Reserve Bank of Australia, which has kept rates at a record low 1.5 per cent since August 2016, has shifted to a neutral policy stance as the property downturn weighs on household spending and dampens growth. Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said at the weekend that the slump could flow into the broader economy, hitting small businesses that have taken out loans on the value of their family home.

There are some signs of the downturn showing up in the RMBS market. Suncorp Group Ltd earlier this month said that arrears on one parcel of securities originally sold in 2010 are creeping past the level that triggers a change in how principal repayments are carved up.

Arrears for more than 90 days on mortgages underlying Australian RMBS increased to a record in December and are likely to remain elevated over the next 12 months, Standard & Poor's Global Ratings said in a March 14 report. But that record is still only 0.75 per cent.

"Stable employment conditions and low interest rates will enable most borrowers to meet their debt servicing commitments," S&P said.

That is a sentiment shared by Andrew Papageorgiou, investment manager at Melbourne-based Realm. "There is nothing there from a systemic standpoint which makes us feel like we need to alter our exposure to bank system risk," he said.

Employment and funding costs are a crucial factor in arrears and default rates, and Australia is doing all right in those areas. Interest rates are at record lows, as is the per centage of household income used to meet mortgage payments, according to Mr Papageorgiou.

At least three new residential mortgage-backed securities worth A$1.45 billion (S$1.35 billion) are expected to price this month, adding to total issuance of A$4.15 billion this quarter. That compares with A$5.26 billion from the same three-month period in 2018, according to Bloomberg data.

Mr Papageorgiou's Realm High Income Fund has outperformed 87 per cent of peers over the past three years. He expects that non-bank lenders will be solid issuers this year.

For Sydney-based Mr Prabhu at Perpetual, history is another reassuring factor. "During the market stress period over the GFC, there were never any losses on any rated Australian RMBS," he said, referring to the global financial crisis that followed the collapse of Lehman Brothers. "Since that time, the structures of these RMBS securities have become more robust." BLOOMBERG

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