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Tesla's drive to make cars hits a roadblock - it can't repair them fast enough


AFTER a fender-bender with his Tesla Model S last February, Tor Havard Wiig figured he'd be back on the road within a week or two. Five months on, he's still waiting for parts - and he's ready to sell the two-year-old car.

The delay and scant communication from Tesla show "there's a lot lacking there," said Mr Wiig, a 43-year-old technology consultant in the Norwegian coastal city of Bergen. "I never expected it to take so long to fix such minor damage."

As Tesla sales boom in Norway, customers are grousing about a dealership network and service operation that have failed to keep pace.

Though chief executive officer Elon Musk says the level of output Tesla has reached this summer means it's finally become a real car company, the experience in Norway suggests Tesla's woes don't stop at the assembly line.

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Mr Musk has struggled to ramp up production of a cheaper sedan, the Model 3, and the company is said to have pressed suppliers to return cash paid for components.

In Norway, where plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles made up more than half of new car sales last year, Tesla is the lowest-ranked automaker on a list of brands for quality of service, and fourth-worst among companies in all sectors.

Tesla has slipped up as sales in Norway for its Model S sedan and Model X SUV more than doubled last year and jumped another 70 per cent through June.

Its repair staff, by contrast, has grown only by a third - highlighting the potential troubles it may face as electric cars become more commonplace.

"You could probably call it growing pains," said Christina Bu, secretary-general of the Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association, a group that represents car owners.

"They're heading at full speed into a mass market where customers will demand better service. Norway is the first country where this is really happening."

Mr Musk has said Norwegians were right to be upset, but blames the authorities for not acting fast enough to greenlight a plan to dispatch repair technicians to customers' homes. While some talks have taken place, Tesla hasn't filed a formal application for mobile service centres, Norwegian officials say.

Tesla says it's planning to open a new repair shop in Oslo this year and that satisfaction with its service is rising as it has expanded its team of technicians by 30 per cent.

Norway's leading recruitment website,, shows 33 jobs for Tesla parts advisers, technicians and mechanics posted this month alone. BMW and Volkswagen, with top-selling e-cars, show none.

As Tesla stumbles, traditional automakers - with well-established service networks - are adding models and boosting output.

Jaguar this year introduced its US$80,000 I-Pace crossover, with a driving range of 298 miles (480 km), versus 237 miles for the Model X. Next year, Mercedes-Benz will unveil the EQ C crossover, and Volkswagen is planning a new electric hatchback to face off with Tesla's Model 3.

Plug-ins and battery-powered cars already play a major role in the nation of 5.3 million people that gets its electricity almost exclusively from hydro plants.

But as Norway aims to make all new cars sold in the country battery-powered by 2025 - a target it will reach only with lavish subsidies paid for by sales of oil - automakers will need to fix their service hiccups.

A recent survey by the electric vehicles association showed that an increasing number of owners complained of waiting to get a spot at a charging station. A shortage of charging sockets has become the second-most cited reason for not buying an electric car, after concerns about driving range.

For now, Tesla can rely on the kind of goodwill reserved for underdogs, though this is likely to change as it grows and shifts the balance of its production away from luxury vehicles and toward the mass market. BLOOMBERG

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