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Rupiah key issue at Indonesia polls, says VP contender
INDONESIA'S upcoming election will be fought on the economy and jobs with the country's ailing currency set to be a key issue, according to vice-presidential candidate Sandiaga Uno said in his first interview with foreign media since joining the race.
As Indonesia gears up for a long presidential campaign that begins on Sunday, the main opposition has outlined a platform that includes a shake-up of labour laws and measures aimed at boosting domestic and foreign investment.
Mr Uno, the running mate to former general Prabowo Subianto, said the government of President Joko Widodo had been too slow to respond to pressures on the rupiah stemming from a predictable rise in US interest rates.
The currency has tumbled almost 9 per cent against the dollar this year to levels not seen since the Asian financial crisis two decades ago amid a rout in emerging markets globally, with Indonesia targeted because of its current-account deficit and reliance on foreign investor inflows.
The 49-year-old Mr Sandiaga, who made his fortune with an investment holding company he co-founded in the wake of the 1997-98 crisis, said the government had been too slow with reforms and efforts to rein in the current account shortfall.
"I would have focused four years ago on export industries," he said on Thursday in his first interview with foreign media since being named as the opposition's vice-president candidate last month.
Mr Joko has stepped up action in recent months in response to the deepening rout in the currency.
The government is curbing imports to help rein in a current account deficit of 3 per cent of gross domestic product, while the central bank has boosted interest rates and increased foreign-exchange intervention to bolster the rupiah. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) last week backed Indonesia's policy steps.
As an incumbent running against a candidate who has never held public office, Mr Widodo is naturally vulnerable to attacks on his performance as president, said Marcus Mietzner, an associate professor at the Australian National University.
"Whether or not these attacks will resonate or not does not really depend on Jokowi or Prabowo; rather, that depends on developments in the global economy in the next six months," he said.
"If Argentina and Turkey drag down Indonesia and other emerging markets, with the rupiah depreciating further and significant capital outflow, then Prabowo's attacks are likely to be effective."
Mr Sandiaga said a government led by Mr Prabowo would provide incentives including tax breaks that encourage businesses to invest and which would help cut into the current-account shortfall. He said there's a need for "very deep structural reform".
"They have not done enough and I think they've even made it worse by focusing on an infrastructure drive that centres around the dominance of state-owned enterprises," he said of the Joko administration. "We would be focused on infrastructure that creates jobs."
A Prabowo government would address Indonesia's skills gap with vocational training. They would also look to overhaul the country's labour laws - described by the IMF as too rigid - in a bid to remove impediments for businesses, including foreign companies wanting to establish in Indonesia.
The April 2019 presidential election will be a re-run of the 2014 vote, with Mr Joko pitted against Mr Prabowo.
The president surprised observers last month when he announced Ma'ruf Amin, a Muslim cleric and the leader of the world's biggest Islamic organisation, as his running mate.
Mr Joko's first term has been driven by his nation-building agenda, including more than US$300 billion worth of infrastructure projects aimed at better connecting the vast Indonesian archipelago.
In an annual budget address to parliament last month, the president said he was turning his attention to creating more jobs and called for a deepening of reforms for the nation to escape the "middle-income trap".
The first survey released after the candidates registered with election authorities showed Mr Joko and Dr Ma'ruf with 52 per cent support over Mr Prabowo and Mr Sandiaga with about 30 per cent. More than 18 per cent of those surveyed were undecided.
Mr Prabowo is known to be an aggressive campaigner and was able to make up ground on Mr Joko in the final weeks of the 2014 race. BLOOMBERG