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Australia, NZ dollars ease with risk appetite, RBA sticks to script
[SYDNEY] The Australian and New Zealand dollars eased on Tuesday as Asian share markets slipped into the red, while Australia's central bank again underlined the outlook for unchanged policy at home.
The Aussie was a shade softer at US$0.7900, having found support around US$0.7890 but with major resistance lined up at last week's US$0.7988 peak.
The New Zealand dollar edged off 0.1 per cent to US$0.7360, risking support at US$0.7350.
A lack of risk appetite was a drag with Asian shares following Europe lower on Tuesday while US Treasury yields nudged back up toward recent highs.
Treasury has a record-breaking US$258 billion of debt to sell this week as the US budget deficit expands, a trend which could ultimately pressure both bonds and the US dollar.
"In order to attract ever-increasing amounts of foreign capital to fund widening deficits the US needs to offer either higher real interest rates or a cheaper asset purchase price - weaker dollar," said Ray Attrill, head of FX strategy at NAB.
"Or, of course, some combination of the two - hence the coexistence of higher nominal US rates and a weaker dollar." That is a major reason the Aussie has stayed resilient even as US cash rates look certain to rise above those in Australia this year, a rare event last seen in the late 1990s.
Minutes from the Reserve Bank of Australia's (RBA) last policy meeting showed it was in no hurry to hike as wage growth and inflation remained much too weak for comfort.
"This is why the RBA has been downplaying the chances of an interest rate rise this year and why we suspect the first hike may not come until the second half of next year," Paul Dales, chief Australia economist at Capital Economics.
The futures market implies around a 40 per cent chance of a rate rise by August and is not fully priced for a move to 1.75 per cent until next February.
The policy outlook is much the same in New Zealand, where the central bank has indicated a first move might come until mid-2019.
More immediate for the kiwi will be a global auction of dairy, the country's biggest goods export.
"The GDT dairy auction overnight has more potential to cause movement if it was substantially different from indicators and our expectation of a flat to small rise," said Doug Steel, senior economist at BNZ Bank, in a research note.
New Zealand government bonds eased, sending yields 1.5 basis points higher at the long end of the curve.
Australian government bond futures slipped in sympathy with Treasuries, with the three-year bond contract down 2.5 ticks at 97.820. The 10-year contract also fell 2.5 ticks to 97.0950.