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Transgender news anchor challenges barriers in conservative Pakistan
MARVIA Malik made headlines when she debuted last month on a private television channel in Pakistan, becoming the conservative country's first transgender news anchor.
Opinions are mixed about the slim 21-year-old who appears regularly on the Kohenoor News channel in Lahore, capital of Pakistan's eastern province of Punjab, but Ms Malik says she has achieved her childhood dream. "I thought that our transgender community was lagging behind in education and jobs, and they are not strong enough politically," she said. "So I wanted to do something for my community."
Many transgender individuals in Pakistan live in secluded communities and have no choice but to beg on the streets or sing and dance at private parties to earn a living. Some also turn to prostitution to make ends meet.
Ms Malik said she was disowned by her family when she was 16, following years of being forced to dress and act like a boy. She sought a different route for herself, so she trained and found work as a make-up artist to fund her journalism degree at Punjab University. Through her connections in the beauty industry, she landed a modelling job and became the talk of the town.
Her life story and her demeanour impressed the selection panel at Kohenoor News, which hired her as a trainee anchor.
Kohenoor chief executive Junaid Mehmood Ansari said he had apprehensions about Ms Malik going on air, but his worries were put to rest by social media praise for his efforts to promote transgender people after her first appearance on March 23.
Recent legislation has made clear that transgender individuals in Pakistan are guaranteed all the citizens' rights enshrined in its constitution, with national identity cards providing for a category of "third gender".
But not all Pakistanis are as accepting.
"This new transgender thing is the influence of Western culture, and this is totally wrong," said Ayaz Khan, a resident of the southern commercial hub of Karachi.
Trans Action Pakistan, a campaign group, estimates there are at least 500,000 transgender people among Pakistan's population of 208 million. REUTERS