Get our introductory offer at only
*$0.99/month for first 3 months
$29.90/month for the next 9 months
IN THE mid-1960s, Robert Paine, a scientist at the University of Washington in Seattle, discovered a hidden organising principle in the coastal ecosystem he was studying. When a certain species of starfish was present, a panoply of algae, limpets, barnacles, anemones and mussels lived in...